ConstantinesCrossVision.htm The traditional story of Constantine's conversion is presented as Constantine seeing an Omen in the sky while marching along with his troops in front of the sun, the shape of an ambigram cross with two Greek letters, chi (Χ) and rho (Ρ) (the first two letters of the Greek ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, Christos, or Christ) along with a Greek inscription reading "Εν τούτω Νίκα", En Touto Nika (meaning "with(in) this win"), which is often translated into the more familiar Latin: In hoc signo vinces (meaning "in this sign thou shalt conquer") before his victory in the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312.

Either upon seeing this vision or upon being instructed to use the emblem he had just seen as a standard in a dream afterwards Constantine is said to have instituted a new standard to be carried into battle, the labarum. Another major religion of the time, Sol Invictus, also used a similar symbol.

There are at least three different surviving ancient versions of this battle in greater detail, not all of them are by prominent Christian apologists:

      Panegyric of Constantine, sees the vision as from Apollo as Constantine's patron (Panegyrici Latini VI (7), 21 from 310);

      Lactantius, Of the manner in which the persecutors died, 44;

      Eusebius of Caesarea, The life of Constantine, 24-31;

      Zosimus, New History, 2 (43,44) (this version seems to have numerous owls as an omen of victory, and is by a hostile pagan).

It should be noted that historical sources of the 4th century Roman Empire seem to be unusually rich in omens, magic, hexes and spells, while lacking in critical inquiry.[3] A suspicion of literacy and higher learning which began at least a century before had grown. These may have been the results of the fear and high mortality rates caused by the first and second outbreak of the Antonine Plague (165 - 180 and 251 - 266 respectively).

This is a Sample (excerpt) From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_I_and_Christianity

Other References

Chi-Ro
Chi-Rho (labarum,
Constantine's cross, Christogram, Monogram of Christ) ...
The Chi-Rho emblem can be viewed as the first Christian Cross. ...
altreligion.about.com

Chi Rho Cross
The Chi
Rho Cross. or Constantine's Cross - a sigla, forming a Christian warrior's
cross. We usually think of a 'cross' as simply two intersecting beams. ...
www.seiyaku.com

Newman Reader - Essays on Miracles - II-5-4
WHEN
Constantine was on his march to Rome to attack Maxentius, at a time when he
was as yet undecided about the truth of Christianity, a luminous Cross is ...
www.newmanreader.org

Constantine's Cross Infoplease.com
It is said that Constantine, on his march to Rome, saw a luminous cross in the sky,
...Constantine's Cross - Constantine's Cross In Latin, vinces in hoc; ...
www.infoplease.com

Amazon.com: Constantine and The Cross: DVD: Cornel Wilde,Belinda ...
Amazon.com: Constantine and The Cross: DVD: Cornel Wilde,Belinda Lee,Massimo
Serato,Christine Kaufmann,Fausto Tozzi,Tino Carraro,Carlo Ninchi,Vittorio ...
www.amazon.com

Constantine's vision changes church history
In 312,
Constantine had a vision of a cross in the sky and he adopted Christianity.
It was one of the major turning points in all of history. ...
chi.gospelcom.net

Vision of the Cross
The Vision of the Cross describes the premonition that the emperor Constantine
had before the battle against Maxentius. According to this premonition, ...
mv.vatican.va

About the Ankh Cross
It is also called crux ansata, Latin for cross-with-a-handle. When the Roman
Emperor Constantine claimed to have had a vision of death outside the walls of ...
holoweb.net

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Archaeology of the Cross and Crucifix
In the early part of his reign
Constantine continued to inflict the penalty of
the cross (affigere patibulo) on slaves guilty of delatio domini, ...
www.newadvent.org

 Constantine's cross is still a pact with the devil - Viewpoint ...
Constantines cross is still a pact with the devil - Viewpoint - Brief Article
from National Catholic Reporter in Reference & Education provided free by ...
www.findarticles.com

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