Index 1 Here for the

Open 70-John-1-1-Truths with full accurate references.Revelations.htm--For the-Old Index open--Old Index  Index2.htm

A Simple Definition of Blaspheme is to oppose the operation of God’s spirit. What form of Christendom Worship is Blasphemous and Why? "For The Last

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Open SBT’S Motto-Luke-8-17--dictionary.reference. Motto

Jn:31 So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, "If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; John 8:31-37 open In Context

Jesus said, 'I am the Son of God'?  IE--Not GodtheSon.htm "If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine

Making Jesus God is a Lie and therefore lying against the Holy Spirit that emanates from God--Blasphemous.


There Are Logical answers to every question why It is so hard to get the real truth today-open HomePage.htm No Gentile Philosophy PLUS Mixed in SBT articles Open GPPThe Holy Bible Was Written So We Would Know the Truth and Not Myths—Open myths & IntentionalFallacy-- Illuminati.htm BibleBookWritersMainPurposeIs.  Getting there Reward In Full Now--RewardInFullNow.htm-- PlusOthers.htm and Is Jesus God open JesusGod.htm

The Real Jesus is At The Right Of God. BlasphemousTRINITY.htmht

Isaiah 9:6 – The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father---From  JesusAndHisGod.htm Compare Isaiah9-6.htm

EarlyBibleTranslationsForISAIAH-9-6.htm--- Jehovah is the Source.htm behind all life and that includes Jesus. Open Source.htm


The Three Worst Mistakes in most all modern Bibles are in (1) Isaiah 9:6 (2) Jn 1:1 and (3) Jn 20 :28 Gyr2.htm Is

Open GODorgod3VersesRulePart2.htm To See Why.

Revelation 2:8 and the Alleged “Dual Nature” of Christ--Trindirty.htm The Real Jesus is At The Right Of God.

GodTheSon-Is BlasphemedMark32230.htm-- Blaspheming The Holy Spirit-



Idolatry---Who Is doing it today compared to Ex 32:30 --Christendom is-How So? The people, however, disobediently made a golden calf for worship and claimed that they were having “a festival to Jehovah”--they claimed that WERE Worshiping Jehovah

Study (Exodus32-1-14.htm) Open  Ex 32:1. (Sbt Notes-Compare-Trindirty.htm.and ChristmasPLUS.htm. PhilosophersOfChristianBiliefsPlusMore.htm

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Jesus is God is an Imaginary Concept of Godhead.htm

(1)   Study the history of the word Godhead and you will be enlightened to the fact that (the word Godhead) is not an original Bible Manuscript word (2)   But a Fabrication Open Godhead  representatives of a large class of abstract substantives, Compare (open Implied)- Open Godhead for full article with great details.








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43+Of The Most Talked About Scriptural Subjects---Why the Churches argue about Them is that

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The Biblical Library-SBT- Is about The Best Bibles Available Plus Theology & Why? a

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43+Of The Most Talked About Scriptural Subjects---Why the Churches argue about Them is that

Satan Knows that Scriptures better then Any Man and He has been around from the beginning (Mat 4-6-Luke 4- 10 ) for it is written)

Satan has seen every letter being penned ----and He is the cause behind why there are over 1200 Differently Independently Named

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The Biggest Three errors in most all Bibles that get people confused about JehovahOrYahweh

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OPEN  John1oneWebsiteBeliefnet.htm


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SBT--We speak as men approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel. We are not trying to please men but God, who tests our hearts. New International Version (©1984)  Parallel Translation with the REAL Strong’s number for the counterfeit Strong’s WITH Thayer’s dictionary Open Jn   1:1 Open God. How  Open God with the REAL Strong’s Numbers and Open

 SimpleBibleTruths-Is About (Open) GODSupreme-BestBiblesPlus

+ Open Bibles-Two-Types1SMALLintroduction a & Aa. 0A4

IFCS What Is a god-.T/Os GOD or god-JehovahOrYahweh

 -John-1-1-Jesus-Life & Lies-JOHN1onePLUS-FREE-WILL-20


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SBT1-The TETRAGRAMMATON.htm Testifier----BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm

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Index2- Sbt isThe Reference RESEARCH Library+Sbt is (No.1. ) in Bible Word defining and

The Reason Why Most Churches Teach People That Jesus Is God. Study 58.htm

Sbt Gives You Access To Many Other Sources. Open PlusOthers.htm You have the right and the

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and Imitate.htm. Examine Catholicism-Catechism.htm- A Look at Mormonism

Most Interesting Points You Can Examine it in 16.htm


                                                                 Main Topic Pages (1) This One

(2) CommunicationsAge.htm (3)  Commentaries.htm (4) IntroductionForConcernedStudents.htm

(5) BestnonTrinitarianOnenessBibles.




(6) John1-1.htm and JOHN1onePLUS.htm (7) BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm (8) Oneness.htm


 ( 9 )ThePeoplesCourt.htm (10) BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm.


                (11) The- FatherOnlyRule.htm-  (12 ) ImitateRule.htm- (13) GWGPNC- Rule.htm (14 ) GoldenRULEplus.htm


                                   Did the Nicene Creed Makers know more about Jesus then He did of Himself?.


Understanding ----------- Jesus’ Testimony About Himself and God’s Voice Is Heard From The Sky –

                   Open and Study --(15 ) The TestimonyOfGod.htm and (16 ) The TestimonyOfJesus.htm Plus

                                                                                     AAIsJesusRealToYOU.htm-2 Parts


(17) Jesus Said at (Mat 9:37)  (GNB) "The harvest is large, but there are few workers to gather it in

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(19) Jesus' Parables. (20) Many People Ask ;What Exactly Is God’s Will--ChristianitySimplified.htm 

                                                                               (21)The ALPHAandTheOMEGA.htm


(22) TheGreatHopeRev21-22-7.htm

(23) What goes around comes around Source.htm

                                                 Yahoo’s Sbt index 1BOpenIndexHere.htm  

Seasonal Stuff and Koran and The- Book of Mormon

Moved To The Bottom of This Page.


      Coming Soon!  Satan would like us to believe that YHWH 

will provide physical food or the means to obtaining  it forever  without humans having to obey the The LORD & God. open  LORD & God

for who is the LORD & God. Gen3-15.htm

SBT Has a Special Invitation for Serious Bible Readers & Students to participate in Search & Research

to add accuracy to any article on any page of the Expository-Library-open-0A4-and look for

SBT-Compares all Spiritual Christian Different Beliefs-in a Totally Logical Way BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm

  SBT --The One Stop Library to Compare All— Christian Beliefs--SimpleBibleTeachingsCompareAll.htm  


                                                Jn 1-1 And The Ransom Sacrifice

      Does GOD Need To Make Sacrifices?- Not According the Bible. But if The Bible Publishers Promote

 Making Jesus to be Jehovah God at Jn 1:1 with the Word was God-That (Implies) That God Sacrificed Himself to Himself.

    God Wouldn’t Be The Perfect GOD If He Had To Make Sacrifices. Who Can Disagree with that? The GWGPNC-Rule.htm

For Full Details Open and Study Jn1-1 And The Ransom Sacrifice.htm-0511Strongs-defined-Prov8-22.htm

Prov8-22.htm Plus John1-1c & JOHN1onePLUS.htm -BestBiblesPlus.htm- BestBibleDictionariesPLUS.htm-


Is Jesus The Father or The Father of Himself Open and Study KIngJesusHasSPOKEN.htm

AAIsJesusRealToYOUPart2.htm-AAIsJesusRealToYOU.htm--Study Hallelujah & HallowBeThyNAME.htm & 8:17- Preface.htm-

                 Can The Church Forgive Sins? Open ApostolicSuccession.htm                                                                         

Open TheRansomSacrificeRedemptionDoctrinePerfectManSoulForFoul120607.htm

MegaChurches.htm- Can not give the personal attention each individual needs? MegaChurches.htm-

SBT-1.htm-Now That We Are In The CommunicationsAge.htm We Can ***Examine*** Everything Ourselves

Who First Introduced the Term Trinity into Christology and When? Tertullian-More below on this and T &-0A1.htm

Plus General- Introduction.htm IntroductionForConcernedStudents.htm Generral Introduction.htm Plus SbtsCommentaryNote.htm

The Human Brain is a muscle of tissue and blood and has illnesses –How does that effect you spiritually?—Bible Learning? And

Spiritually Healiing? How does this fit in with Cessationism and Continuationism.

                                   Some Things in Compare all. SimpleBibleTeachingsCompareAll.htm

No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.

Joh 1:18- In Context | Read Chapter | -BibleDiscussionsPlus.htm Open God ---a god or goddess,  (in KJV+Strong’s N0’s)-

-a general name of deities or divinities N0.2 Is not an original Strong ID Get KJV+Strongs--  

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Check This Site Out and Get Their CD Rom For a Small Donation –AND Get 10 Different Bibles and Brown’s-- Easton—Nave—Smith –Thayer—Torrey—Dictionaries Plus KJV + Strong’s N0’s---Plus  The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.All on One Disc.

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                                                    For Non-Trinitarian Bible Translations

Open 1plus.htm B2.htm-and -BestnonTrinitarianOnenessBibles.htm Enough Is Enough YHWH Has Given Humans Enough to Live Forever After Jesus comes again. But Bibles

That are more accurate then others Help A Lot-Open- EnoughIsEnough.htm- BiblesPlus.htm

and Compare BiblesTwoTypes.htm----BestStatementFound.htm-TrinitarianBiasTestPLUSmore.htm & BiblePunctuationMarksPLUS.htm BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm- and-IntroductionForConcernedStudents.htm

A-FACT -The Common-Denominator of Most All if not All Oneness and Tri-ness Trinity Theology

    Believers is “That They Deny Jesus as a Real Being” to have a Real Life. They DenyI- Jesus.

      What About The Oneness And Trinitarians?–Doctrinal Beliefs The Mystery Group Believers.

 Open Oneness and Tri-ness Trinity Theology - Myth

                                              Jesus said the Truth will set you Free

Jesus didn’t say a Myth will set you Free. JN 8:32 NASB that’s what the Nations Had Before

Open Is The -FlockInTheDARK.htm  And Open AFact.htm See C/h STATEMENTsAboutManyChurchesBeliefs.htm

SBT Believes It Can Get The Truth Out Of Any Bible—Because Of a Trained Eye and Applying it on

 Good Bible Dictionaries and Encyclopedias and New Translators Notes

For More Details Open AQUESTIONSandANSWERS.htm-BestBibleDictionariesPLUS.htm-BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm- BiblesPlus.htm  

 John 8: NSB                                         

                                        New is The Trinity Compare Chart

of Godhead Believers & Non-Godhead Believers-Open-0A1.htm-Some Imaginations Of God’s Head.htm

Chart 2-in JesusAsGodWikipedia.htm

For NonTrinitarian/Oneness Bibles and Commentary –Study B2.htm-BestNonT/OnenessBibles-BiblesTwoTypes.htm With-

SBT-Nothing is hidden that will not become evident, nor anything secret that will not be known and come to light-Open-Lu 8-17

Read-ABOUTUS.htm & Preface SbtsCommentaryNote.htmSBt-Applying the ImitateRule.htm-Imitating

Jesus and the Apostles & The GWGPNC Rule.htm & BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm                                        


     Who First Introduced the Term Trinity into Christology and When? Tertullian-More below on this

                                                                Specific Teachings of Tertullian-Writings.htm -

Trinity Revisional Updates-Why So Many? From 325 A.D. to 2006 ca L S Book  More below on this

                   How many I AM’s are in your favorite Bible that you read    

              I AM what I AM -Jesus/Jehovah or Paul Open I

   Very Good-Study Sola-scriptura and BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm  PLUS Trinity & in FourMainPoints.htm of

ArianTheology.htm.-Sola-scriptura-(Latin ablative, "by scripture alone") is the assertion that the Bible as God's written

word is self-authenticating, clear (perspicuous ) to the rational reader, its own interpreter ("Scripture interprets Scripture"),

 and sufficient of itself to be the final authority of Christian doctrine.The truth is, the Holy Verses are adequate and Simple

When taught by teachers that know how to do so. 2Tim3-16-17.htm- Rev22-16-21.htm -Rom 15:4- More below on this.

If You go to a Congregation that Teaches You all that Here—You Can feel Safe About Accurcy!!

SBT is only a Reference Library—Not The Salvation Congregation!! Read! Heb10-23-26.htm.

Who is I Open-Jesus & Jesus As Θες GOD &  Sola-scriptura –open BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm

SBT-1.htm-Now That We Are In The CommunicationsAge.htm We Can ***Examine*** Everything Ourselves

IntroductionForConcernedStudents.htm Generral Introduction.htm Plus SbtsCommentaryNote.htm


New is The Trinity Compare Chart of Godhead Believers & Non-Godhead Believers-Open-0A1.htm-Chart 2-in JesusAsGodWikipedia.htm


                                    Who is I Open-Jesus--Jesus always spoke of His own individuality.

                 Pro-Nicene-Creed Believers Intentionally- (IntentionalFallacy.htm) deny that .Making Jesus

see the Nicene Creed in current use.

                   The Only One That Can Benefit From Jesus being God is Satan—Why So? in Open 0A4.htm

                         Main Index Subjects This Page---all Other Topics In Old Index 1 are now in Index3.htm and Index2.htm

                                                                                    Main Index Subjects

                       Who is printing Bibles Right Open-IntroductionForConcernedStudents.htm General Introduction.htm


                          BestBiblesPlus.htm + Sola-scriptura and BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm

 Sola-scriptura -Using (Only) the Scriptures, the person who serves God will be ready and will have everything he needs to do

every good work. 1Tim 3:17 –Open In Context 1Tim 3:16-17 NASB All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching,

for reproof ,for correction, for training in righteousness; 3:17 so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every

 good work.Open and Study 2Tim3-16-17.htm

                                           Nicene Creed Vs-the testimony of God-1Jn 5:9

                                             N IV -NASB-More on this in BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm

The N IV Bible HAS Intentionally (IntentionalFallacy.htm) Blotted out GOD’S Name-The New International Version Is One

of the Worst if Not the Worst New Modern Bible to ID GODΘεός & HIS First Born Son-Who is I Open-Jesus -Chart 2 in

JesusAsGodWikipedia.htm &  NIV in 1John4plus.htm. To NIV a?-Is God’s Name in the NT- Read -1Tim-1-17plus.htm-& SNotes.htm.

The N IV Bible gets a A+ for what’s in Prov8-22.htm=It is believed that it was a very effective evil plan---

Most likely that of Satan’s design to have the Divine Name Silenced. A clear case of Identity Theft----


                                                                                        The Nicene Creeds in current use.

This Raises The Question?-Why is it necessary to keep revising the Nicene Creed Century after Century after Century?

Simple Bible Truths are --1st its man made- 2- It was not inspired my the only perfect original GOD

Read-The GWGPN Rule.htm God can not Lie or change;

"For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed. Mal 3:6

                         Search & Research the Accuracy of This---Open-0A1.htm-Chart 2-in JesusAsGodWikipedia.htm

All or Most all Trinitarian/Oneness Scholars –Teachers and Common Believers admit that these Creeds are Mystical and

 Incomprehensible And They Choose to think that’s OK—because that is what they have been taught SNote.htm The truth is

the Holy Verses are adequate and SimpleWhen taught by teachers that know how to do so. There are hundreds of articles with

 hundreds of printed pages on The Trinitarian/Oneness Movement all because they dispute the Simple Order of things that

the GOD of Jesus has explained through His Holy Words of That Jesus was Created First Life.htm -FirstBorn.htm-

CommentaryNote.htm-Theology.htm  BiblicalTheology.htm-BiblicalLOGISTICS.htm


               0A1.htm Top Concern Trinity Compare Chart 0A1.htm & TnnityDates.htm & Apologetics

0A2.htm You Can Check all (The Apostolic Fathers ) Church Early Historical Writings to See if You Can Find any Mention

of God the Son. or Trinity before Tertullian (ca. 155230) Polycarp’s Writings - Polycarp Who Was Part of The

Original 1st & 2nd Century Christian Church (*born ~70 A.D or 69ca* died (martyred) 155 A.D in Rome)

                                                     Open Polycarp.htm-Polycarp8-1Plus.htm 

Jesus Came In The Flesh-No Mention of (God YHWH 010.htm) Came in The Flesh in Polycarp’s Writings as Christendom Teaches-

And every spirit that confesseth (5719) not that Jesus Christ is come (5756) in the flesh is (5748) not of God: and this is (5748)

that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard (5754) that it should come (5736); and even now already is it (5748) in the world.
Ye are (5748) of God, little children, and have overcome (5758) them: because greater is he that is (5748) in you, than he that is

in the world. 1John4plus.htm-1John5-9.htm.


                                                        Who introduced the term Trinity

                                                         ***Answer*** Tertullian (ca. 155230)

He introduced the term Trinity (Theophilius to Autolycus - 115-181 - introduced the word Trinity in his Book 2, chapter 15 on the creation of the 4th day) as the Latin trinitas, to the Christian vocabulary[2] and also probably the formula "three Persons, one Substance" as the Latin "tres Personae, una Substantia" (itself from the Koine Greek "treis Hypostases, Homoousios"), and also the terms vetus testamentum ("old testament") and novum testamentum ("new testament").For Full article Tertullian Open


1John 5:9 NASB.9 If we receive the testimony of men, ,(The Trindirty.htm ) the testimony of God is greater;

for the testimony of God is this, that He has testified concerning His Son (Mt 3:17 Mr 1:11 Lu 3:22)

Cross References Lu  9:36 Jn 12:2812:29.  Pet 1:17 

F8: Lit voice
F9: Lit brought
R45: Matthew 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35
Hebrews 1:3


"For I did not shrink from declaring to you the whole purpose of God.

ou gar upesteilamhn (5668) tou mh anaggeilai (5658) pasan thn boulhn tou qeou umin.


Bottom Line

Sbt –Dislikes

Using the words Lies or Liar but the Nicene Creeds actually makes Jesus out

To be a Liar. Open Intentional fallacy   Because of Traditional Teachings TraditionPlusVerses.htm.


The Encyclopedia of Religion notes: "Human life is characterized by the need to distinguish between what is real and unreal, powerful and powerless, genuine and deceptive, pure and contaminated, clear and confused, as well as relative degrees of one extreme or the other

You have real Life because Jesus’ Father and God caused it. Is Jesus as real as you are?. Does Jesus have life in himself as He himself Stated or do the Nicene Creed Makers know more about Jesus then He did of Himself?.

Read CommentaryPhp2-6  Who’s Testimony is Right ***Jesus’*** or The Trinitarian/Oneness Commentaries.

Compare Jesus’ Jn 6:38 Jn 6:39 Jn 5:36-Jn 14:28-Jn 10:29 Jn 5:20 Jn 5:26 Jn 17:5 Jn 3:34 Jn1.1 Theology and 2 Cor5:21

Study ALPHAandTheOMEGA.htm and AAIsJesusRealToYOU.htm-and BiblePublishersAccountableToWho.htm



                                   The Ante-Nicene Christian library 0-325 The Apostolic Fathers


                           Open Table of Contents

Schaff, Philip (1819-1893) Biography Philip Schaff (January 1, 1819October 20, 1893), was a Swiss-born, German-educated theologian and a historian of the Christian church, who, after his education, lived and taught in the United States.-

·                     Works By (66) Works About (2)

ANF01. The Apostolic Fathers with Justin Martyr and Irenaeus [from Logos Research Systems, Inc.]
Description: The Ante-Nicene Christian library is meant to comprise translations into English of all the extant works of the Fathers down to the date of the first General Council held at Nice in A.D. 325. The sole provisional exception is that of the more bulky writings of Origen. It is intended at present only to embrace in the scheme the Contra Celsum and the De Principiis of that voluminous author; but the whole of his works will be included should the undertaking prove successful. Open for all.

Book Information

Table of Contents

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemTitle Page


Introductory Notice

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemCLEMENT OF ROME

Introductory Note to the First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians

Click to expand or collapse this itemFirst Epistle to the Corinthians

Chapter I.—The salutation. Praise of the Corinthians before the breaking forth of schism among them.

Chapter II.—Praise of the Corinthians continued.

Chapter III.—The sad state of the Corinthian church after sedition arose in it from envy and emulation.

Chapter IV.—Many evils have already flowed from this source in ancient times.

Chapter V.—No less evils have arisen from the same source in the most recent times. The martyrdom of Peter and Paul.

Chapter VI.—Continuation. Several other martyrs.

Chapter VII.—An exhortation to repentance.

Chapter VIII.—Continuation respecting repentance.

Chapter IX.—Examples of the saints.

Chapter X.—Continuation of the above.

Chapter XI.—Continuation. Lot.

Chapter XII.—The rewards of faith and hospitality. Rahab.

Chapter XIII.—An exhortation to humility.

Chapter XIV.—We should obey God rather than the authors of sedition.

Chapter XV.—We must adhere to those who cultivate peace, not to those who merely pretend to do so.

Chapter XVI.—Christ as an example of humility.

Chapter XVII.—The saints as examples of humility.

Chapter XVIII.—David as an example of humility.

Chapter XIX.—Imitating these examples, let us seek after peace.

Chapter XX.—The peace and harmony of the universe.

Chapter XXI.—Let us obey God, and not the authors of sedition.

Chapter XXII.—These exhortations are confirmed by the Christian faith, which proclaims the misery of sinful conduct.

Chapter XXIII.—Be humble, and believe that Christ will come again.

Chapter XXIV.—God continually shows us in nature that there will be a resurrection.

Chapter XXV.—The phœnix an emblem of our resurrection.

Chapter XXVI.—We shall rise again, then, as the Scripture also testifies.

Chapter XXVII.—In the hope of the resurrection, let us cleave to the omnipotent and omniscient God.

Chapter XXVIII.—God sees all things: therefore let us avoid transgression.

Chapter XXIX.—Let us also draw near to God in purity of heart.

Chapter XXX.—Let us do those things that please God, and flee from those He hates, that we may be blessed.

Chapter XXXI.—Let us see by what means we may obtain the divine blessing.

Chapter XXXII.—We are justified not by our own works, but by faith.

Chapter XXXIII.—But let us not give up the practice of good works and love. God Himself is an example to us of good works.

Chapter XXXIV.—Great is the reward of good works with God. Joined together in harmony, let us implore that reward from Him.

Chapter XXXV.—Immense is this reward. How shall we obtain it?

Chapter XXXVI.—All blessings are given to us through Christ.

Chapter XXXVII.—Christ is our leader, and we His soldiers.

Chapter XXXVIII.—Let the members of the Church submit themselves, and no one exalt himself above another.

Chapter XXXIX.—There is no reason for self-conceit.

Chapter XL.—Let us preserve in the Church the order appointed by God.

Chapter XLI.—Continuation of the same subject.

Chapter XLII.—The order of ministers in the Church.

Chapter XLIII.—Moses of old stilled the contention which arose concerning the priestly dignity.

Chapter XLIV.—The ordinances of the apostles, that there might be no contention respecting the priestly office.

Chapter XLV.—It is the part of the wicked to vex the righteous.

Chapter XLVI.—Let us cleave to the righteous: your strife is pernicious.

Chapter XLVII.—Your recent discord is worse than the former which took place in the times of Paul.

Chapter XLVIII.—Let us return to the practice of brotherly love.

Chapter XLIX.—The praise of love.

Chapter L.—Let us pray to be thought worthy of love.

Chapter LI.—Let the partakers in strife acknowledge their sins.

Chapter LII.—Such a confession is pleasing to God.

Chapter LIII.—The love of Moses towards his people.

Chapter LIV.—He who is full of love will incur every loss, that peace may be restored to the Church.

Chapter LV.—Examples of such love.

Chapter LVI.—Let us admonish and correct one another.

Chapter LVII.—Let the authors of sedition submit themselves.

Chapter LVIII.—Blessings sought for all that call upon God.

Chapter LIX.—The Corinthians are exhorted speedily to send back word that peace has been restored. The benediction.

Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemEpistle to Diognetus

Chapter I.—Occasion of the epistle.

Chapter II.—The vanity of idols.

Chapter III.—Superstitions of the Jews.

Chapter IV.—The other observances of the Jews.

Chapter V.—The manners of the Christians.

Chapter VI.—The relation of Christians to the world.

Chapter VII.—The manifestation of Christ.

Chapter VIII.—The miserable state of men before the coming of the Word.

Chapter IX.—Why the Son was sent so late.

Chapter X.—The blessings that will flow from faith.

Chapter XI.—These things are worthy to be known and believed.

Chapter XII.—The importance of knowledge to true spiritual life.

Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Philippians

Chapter I.—Praise of the Philippians.

Chapter II.—An exhortation to virtue.

Chapter III.—Expressions of personal unworthiness.

Chapter IV.—Various exhortations.

Chapter V.—The duties of deacons, youths, and virgins.

Chapter VI.—The duties of presbyters and others.

Chapter VII.—Avoid the Docetæ, and persevere in fasting and prayer.

Chapter VIII.—Persevere in hope and patience.

Chapter IX.—Patience inculcated.

Chapter X.—Exhortation to the practice of virtue.

Chapter XI.—Expression of grief on account of Valens.

Chapter XII.—Exhortation to various graces.

Chapter XIII.—Concerning the transmission of epistles.

Chapter XIV.—Conclusion.

Introductory Note to the Martyrdom of Polycarp

Click to expand or collapse this itemThe Martyrdom of Polycarp

Chapter I.—Subject of which we write.

Chapter II.—The wonderful constancy of the martyrs.

Chapter III.—The constancy of Germanicus. The death of Polycarp is demanded.

Chapter IV.—Quintus the apostate.

Chapter V.—The departure and vision of Polycarp.

Chapter VI.—Polycarp is betrayed by a servant.

Chapter VII.—Polycarp is found by his pursuers.

Chapter VIII.—Polycarp is brought into the city.

Chapter IX.—Polycarp refuses to revile Christ.

Chapter X.—Polycarp confesses himself a Christian.

Chapter XI.—No threats have any effect on Polycarp.

Chapter XII.—Polycarp is sentenced to be burned.

Chapter XIII.—The funeral pile is erected.

Chapter XIV.—The prayer of Polycarp.

Chapter XV.—Polycarp is not injured by the fire.

Chapter XVI.—Polycarp is pierced by a dagger.

Chapter XVII.—The Christians are refused Polycarp’s body.

Chapter XVIII.—The body of Polycarp is burned.

Chapter XIX.—Praise of the martyr Polycarp.

Chapter XX.—This epistle is to be transmitted to the brethren.

Chapter XXI.—The date of the martyrdom.

Chapter XXII.—Salutation.

Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Epistles of Ignatius

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Ephesians: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Praise of the Ephesians.

Chapter II.—Congratulations and entreaties.

Chapter III.—Exhortations to unity.

Chapter IV.—The same continued.

Chapter V.—The praise of unity.

Chapter VI.—Have respect to the bishop as to Christ Himself.

Chapter VII.—Beware of false teachers.

Chapter VIII.—Renewed praise of the Ephesians.

Chapter IX.—Ye have given no heed to false teachers.

Chapter X.—Exhortations to prayer, humility, etc.

Chapter XI.—An exhortation to fear God, etc.

Chapter XII.—Praise of the Ephesians.

Chapter XIII.—Exhortation to meet together frequently for the worship of God.

Chapter XIV.—Exhortations to faith and love.

Chapter XV.—Exhortation to confess Christ by silence as well as speech.

Chapter XVI.—The fate of false teachers.

Chapter XVII.—Beware of false doctrines.

Chapter XVIII.—The glory of the cross.

Chapter XIX.—Three celebrated mysteries.

Chapter XX.—Promise of another letter.

Chapter XX.—Exhortations to stedfastness and unity.

Chapter XXI.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Magnesians: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Reason of writing the epistle.

Chapter II.—I rejoice in your messengers.

Chapter III.—Honour your youthful bishop.

Chapter IV.—Some wickedly act independently of the bishop.

Chapter V.—Death is the fate of all such.

Chapter VI.—Preserve harmony.

Chapter VII.—Do nothing without the bishop and presbyters.

Chapter VIII.—Caution against false doctrines.

Chapter IX.—Let us live with Christ.

Chapter X.—Beware of Judaizing.

Chapter XI.—I write these things to warn you.

Chapter XII.—Ye are superior to me.

Chapter XIII.—Be established in faith and unity.

Chapter XIV.—Your prayers requested.

Chapter XV.—Salutations.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Trallians: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Acknowledgment of their excellence.

Chapter II.—Be subject to the bishop, etc.

Chapter III.—Honour the deacons, etc.

Chapter IV.—I have need of humility.

Chapter V.—I will not teach you profound doctrines.

Chapter VI.—Abstain from the poison of heretics.

Chapter VII.—The same continued.

Chapter VIII.—Be on your guard against the snares of the devil.

Chapter IX.—Reference to the history of Christ.

Chapter X.—The reality of Christ’s passion.

Chapter XI.—Avoid the deadly errors of the Docetæ.

Chapter XII.—Continue in unity and love.

Chapter XIII.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Romans: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—As a prisoner, I hope to see you.

Chapter II.—Do not save me from martyrdom.

Chapter III.—Pray rather that I may attain to martyrdom.

Chapter IV.—Allow me to fall a prey to the wild beasts.

Chapter V.—I desire to die.

Chapter VI.—By death I shall attain true life.

Chapter VII.—Reason of desiring to die.

Chapter VIII.—Be ye favourable to me.

Chapter IX.—Pray for the church in Syria.

Chapter X.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Philadelphians: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Praise of the bishop.

Chapter II.—Maintain union with the bishop.

Chapter III.—Avoid schismatics.

Chapter IV.—Have but one Eucharist, etc.

Chapter V.—Pray for me.

Chapter VI.—Do not accept Judaism.

Chapter VII.—I have exhorted you to unity.

Chapter VIII.—The same continued.

Chapter IX.—The Old Testament is good: the New Testament is better.

Chapter X.—Congratulate the inhabitants of Antioch on the close of the persecution.

Chapter XI.—Thanks and salutation.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Smyrnæans: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Thanks to God for your faith.

Chapter II.—Christ’s true passion.

Chapter III.—Christ was possessed of a body after His resurrection.

Chapter IV.—Beware of these heretics.

Chapter V.—Their dangerous errors.

Chapter VI—Unbelievers in the blood of Christ shall be condemned.

Chapter VII.—Let us stand aloof from such heretics.

Chapter VIII.—Let nothing be done without the bishop.

Chapter IX.—Honour the bishop.

Chapter X.—Acknowledgment of their kindness.

Chapter XI.—Request to them to send a messenger to Antioch.

Chapter XII.—Salutations.

Chapter XIII.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemEpistle to Polycarp: Shorter and Longer Versions

Chapter I.—Commendation and exhortation.

Chapter II.—Exhortations.

Chapter III.—Exhortations.

Chapter IV.—Exhortations.

Chapter V.—The duties of husbands and wives.

Chapter VI.—The duties of the Christian flock.

Chapter VII.—Request that Polycarp would send a messenger to Antioch.

Chapter VIII.—Let other churches also send to Antioch.

Introductory Note to the Syriac Version of the Ignatian Epistles

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to Polycarp: Syriac Version

Chapter I.

Chapter II.

Chapter III.

Chapter IV.

Chapter V.

Chapter VI.

Chapter VII.

Chapter VIII.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Ephesians: Syriac Version

Chapter I.

Chapter III.

Chapter VIII.

Chapter IX.

Chapter X.

Chapter XIV.

Chapter XV.

Chapter XVIII.

Chapter XIX.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Romans: Syriac Version

Chapter I.

Chapter II.

Chapter III.

Chapter IV.

Chapter V.

Chapter VI.

Chapter VII.

Chapter IX.

Introductory Note to the Spurious Epistles of Ignatius

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Tarsians

Chapter I.—His own sufferings: exhortation to stedfastness.

Chapter II.—Cautions against false doctrine.

Chapter III.—The true doctrine respecting Christ.

Chapter IV.—Continuation.

Chapter V.—Refutation of the previously mentioned errors.

Chapter VI.—Continuation.

Chapter VII.—Continuation.

Chapter VIII.—Exhortations to holiness and good order.

Chapter IX.—Exhortations to the discharge of relative duties.

Chapter X.—Salutations.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to the Antiochians

Chapter I.—Cautions against error.

Chapter II.—The true doctrine respecting God and Christ.

Chapter III.—The same continued.

Chapter IV.—Continuation.

Chapter V.—Denunciation of false teachers.

Chapter VI.—Renewed cautions.

Chapter VII.—Exhortation to consistency of conduct.

Chapter VIII.—Exhortations to the presbyters and others.

Chapter IX.—Duties of husbands, wives, parents, and children.

Chapter X.—Duties of masters and servants.

Chapter XI.—Inculcation of various moral duties.

Chapter XII.—Salutations.

Chapter XIII.—Salutations continued.

Chapter XIV.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to Hero, a Deacon of Antioch

Chapter I.—Exhortations to earnestness and moderation.

Chapter II.—Cautions against false teachers.

Chapter III.—Exhortations as to ecclesiastical duties.

Chapter IV.—Servants and women are not to be despised.

Chapter V.—Various relative duties.

Chapter VI—Exhortations to purity and caution.

Chapter VII.—Solemn charge to Hero, as future bishop of Antioch.

Chapter VIII.—Salutations.

Chapter IX.—Concluding salutations and instructions.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemEpistle to the Philippians

Chapter I.—Reason for writing the epistle.

Chapter II.—Unity of the three divine persons.

Chapter III.—Christ was truly born, and died.

Chapter IV.—The malignity and folly of Satan.

Chapter V.—Apostrophe to Satan.

Chapter VI.—Continuation.

Chapter VII.—Continuation: inconsistency of Satan.

Chapter VIII.—Continuation: ignorance of Satan.

Chapter IX.—Continuation: ignorance of Satan.

Chapter X.—Continuation: audacity of Satan.

Chapter XI.—Continuation: audacity of Satan.

Chapter XII.—The meek reply of Christ.

Chapter XIII.—Various exhortations and directions.

Chapter XIV.—Farewells and cautions.

Chapter XV.—Salutations. Conclusion.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemEpistle from Maria of Cassobelæ

Mary of Cassobelæ to Ignatius

Chapter I.—Occasion of the epistle.

Chapter II.—Youth may be allied with piety and discretion.

Chapter III.—Examples of youthful devotedness.

Chapter IV.—The same subject continued.

Chapter V.—Expressions of respect for Ignatius.

Click to expand or collapse this itemEpistle to Mary at Neapolis

Chapter I.—Acknowledgment of her excellence and wisdom.

Chapter II.—His own condition.

Chapter III.—He had complied with her request.

Chapter IV.—Commendation and exhortation.

Chapter V.—Salutations and good wishes.

Click to expand or collapse this itemFirst Epistle to St John

Ignatius, and the brethren who are with him, to John the holy presbyter.

Click to expand or collapse this itemSecond Epistle to St John

His friend Ignatius to John the holy presbyter.

Click to expand or 
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Her friend Ignatius to the Christ-bearing Mary.

Click to expand or 
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The lowly handmaid of Christ Jesus to Ignatius, her beloved fellow-disciple.

Introductory Note to the Martyrdom of Ignatius

Click to expand or collapse this itemThe Martyrdom of Ignatius

Chapter I.—Desire of Ignatius for martyrdom.

Chapter II.—Ignatius is condemned by Trajan.

Chapter III.—Ignatius sails to Smyrna.

Chapter IV.—Ignatius writes to the churches.

Chapter V.—Ignatius is brought to Rome.

Chapter VI.—Ignatius is devoured by the beasts at Rome.

Chapter VII.—Ignatius appears in a vision after his death.

Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Epistle of Barnabas

Click to expand or collapse this itemThe Epistle of Barnabas

Chapter I.—After the salutation, the writer declares that he would communicate to his brethren something of that which he had himself received.

Chapter II.—The Jewish sacrifices are now abolished.

Chapter III.—The fasts of the Jews are not true fasts, nor acceptable to God.

Chapter IV.—Antichrist is at hand: let us therefore avoid Jewish errors.

Chapter V.—The new covenant, founded on the sufferings of Christ, tends to our salvation, but to the Jews’ destruction.

Chapter VI.—The sufferings of Christ, and the new covenant, were announced by the prophets.

Chapter VII.—Fasting, and the goat sent away, were types of Christ.

Chapter VIII.—The red heifer a type of Christ.

Chapter IX.—The spiritual meaning of circumcision.

Chapter X.—Spiritual significance of the precepts of Moses respecting different kinds of food.

Chapter XI.—Baptism and the cross prefigured in the Old Testament.

Chapter XII.—The cross of Christ frequently announced in the Old Testament.

Chapter XIII.—Christians, and not Jews, the heirs of the covenant.

Chapter XIV.—The Lord hath given us the testament which Moses received and broke.

Chapter XV.—The false and the true Sabbath.

Chapter XVI.—The spiritual temple of God.

Chapter XVII.—Conclusion of the first part of the epistle.

Chapter XVIII.—Second part of the epistle. The two ways.

Chapter XIX.—The way of light.

Chapter XX.—The way of darkness.

Chapter XXI.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Fragments of Papias

Click to expand or 
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I. From the exposition of the oracles of the Lord.










Click to expand or 
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Introductory Note to the Writings of Justin Martyr

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemThe First Apology

Chapter I.—Address.

Chapter II.—Justice demanded.

Chapter III.—Claim of judicial investigation.

Chapter IV.—Christians unjustly condemned for their mere name.

Chapter V.—Christians charged with atheism.

Chapter VI.—Charge of atheism refuted.

Chapter VII.—Each Christian must be tried by his own life.

Chapter VIII.—Christians confess their faith in God.

Chapter IX.—Folly of idol worship.

Chapter X.—How God is to be served.

Chapter XI.—What kingdom Christians look for.

Chapter XII.—Christians live as under God’s eye.

Chapter XIII.—Christians serve God rationally.

Chapter XIV.—The demons misrepresent Christian doctrine.

Chapter XV.—What Christ himself taught.

Chapter XVI.—Concerning patience and swearing.

Chapter XVII.—Christ taught civil obedience.

Chapter XVIII.—Proof of immortality and the resurrection.

Chapter XIX.—The resurrection possible.

Chapter XX.—Heathen analogies to Christian doctrine.

Chapter XXI.—Analogies to the history of Christ.

Chapter XXII.—Analogies to the sonship of Christ.

Chapter XXIII.—The argument.

Chapter XXIV.—Varieties of heathen worship.

Chapter XXV.—False Gods abandoned by Christians.

Chapter XXVI.—Magicians not trusted by Christians.

Chapter XXVII.—Guilt of exposing children.

Chapter XXVIII.—God’s care for men.

Chapter XXIX.—Continence of Christians.

Chapter XXX.—Was Christ not a magician?

Chapter XXXI.—Of the Hebrew prophets.

Chapter XXXII.—Christ predicted by Moses.

Chapter XXXIII.—Manner of Christ’s birth predicted.

Chapter XXXIV.—Place of Christ’s birth foretold.

Chapter XXXV.—Other fulfilled prophecies.

Chapter XXXVI.—Different modes of prophecy.

Chapter XXXVII.—Utterances of the Father.

Chapter XXXVIII.—Utterances of the Son.

Chapter XXXIX.—Direct predictions by the Spirit.

Chapter XL.—Christ’s advent foretold.

Chapter XLI.—The crucifixion predicted.

Chapter XLII.—Prophecy using the past tense.

Chapter XLIII.—Responsibility asserted.

Chapter XLIV.—Not nullified by prophecy.

Chapter XLV.—Christ’s session in heaven foretold.

Chapter XLVI.—The Word in the world before Christ.

Chapter XLVII.—Desolation of Judæa foretold.

Chapter XLVIII.—Christ’s work and death foretold.

Chapter XLIX.—His rejection by the Jews foretold.

Chapter L.—His humiliation predicted.

Chapter LI.—The majesty of Christ.

Chapter LII.—Certain fulfilment of prophecy.

Chapter LIII.—Summary of the prophecies.

Chapter LIV.—Origin of heathen mythology.

Chapter LV.—Symbols of the cross.

Chapter LVI.—The demons still mislead men.

Chapter LVII.—And cause persecution.

Chapter LVIII.—And raise up heretics.

Chapter LIX.—Plato’s obligation to Moses.

Chapter LX.—Plato’s doctrine of the cross.

Chapter LXI.—Christian baptism.

Chapter LXII.—Its imitation by demons.

Chapter LXIII.—How God appeared to Moses.

Chapter LXIV.—Further misrepresentations of the truth.

Chapter LXV.—Administration of the sacraments.

Chapter LXVI.—Of the Eucharist.

Chapter LXVII.—Weekly worship of the Christians.

Chapter LXVIII.—Conclusion.

Epistle of Adrian in behalf of the Christians.

Epistle of Antoninus to the common assembly of Asia.

Epistle of Marcus Aurelius to the senate, in which he testifies that the Christians were the cause of his victory.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemThe Second Apology

Chapter I.—Introduction.

Chapter II.—Urbicus condemns the Christians to death.

Chapter III.—Justin accuses Crescens of ignorant prejudice against the Christians.

Chapter IV.—Why the Christians do not kill themselves.

Chapter V.—How the angels transgressed.

Chapter VI.—Names of God and of Christ, their meaning and power.

Chapter VII.—The world preserved for the sake of Christians. Man’s responsibility.

Chapter VIII.—All have been hated in whom the Word has dwelt.

Chapter IX.—Eternal punishment not a mere threat.

Chapter X.—Christ compared with Socrates.

Chapter XI.—How Christians view death.

Chapter XII.—Christians proved innocent by their contempt of death.

Chapter XIII.—How the Word has been in all men.

Chapter XIV.—Justin prays that this appeal be published.

Chapter XV.—Conclusion.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemDialogue with Trypho

Chapter I.—Introduction.

Chapter II.—Justin describes his studies in philosophy.

Chapter III.—Justin narrates the manner of his conversion.

Chapter IV.—The soul of itself cannot see God.

Chapter V.—The soul is not in its own nature immortal.

Chapter VI.—These things were unknown to Plato and other philosophers.

Chapter VII.—The knowledge of truth to be sought from the prophets alone.

Chapter VIII.—Justin by his colloquy is kindled with love to Christ.

Chapter IX.—The Christians have not believed groundless stories.

Chapter X.—Trypho blames the Christians for this alone—the non-observance of the law.

Chapter XI.—The law abrogated; the New Testament promised and given by God.

Chapter XII.—The Jews violate the eternal law, and interpret ill that of Moses.

Chapter XIII.—Isaiah teaches that sins are forgiven through Christ’s blood.

Chapter XIV.—Righteousness is not placed in Jewish rites, but in the conversion of the heart given in baptism by Christ.

Chapter XV.—In what the true fasting consists.

Chapter XVI.—Circumcision given as a sign, that the Jews might be driven away for their evil deeds done to Christ and the Christians.

Chapter XVII.—The Jews sent persons through the whole earth to spread calumnies on Christians.

Chapter XVIII.—Christians would observe the law, if they did not know why it was instituted.

Chapter XIX.—Circumcision unknown before Abraham. The law was given by Moses on account of the hardness of their hearts.

Chapter XX.—Why choice of meats was prescribed.

Chapter XXI.—Sabbaths were instituted on account of the people’s sins, and not for a work of righteousness.

Chapter XXII.—So also were sacrifices and oblations.

Chapter XXIII.—The opinion of the Jews regarding the law does an injury to God.

Chapter XXIV.—The Christians’ circumcision far more excellent.

Chapter XXV.—The Jews boast in vain that they are sons of Abraham.

Chapter XXVI.—No salvation to the Jews except through Christ.

Chapter XXVII.—Why God taught the same things by the prophets as by Moses.

Chapter XXVIII.—True righteousness is obtained by Christ.

Chapter XXIX.—Christ is useless to those who observe the law.

Chapter XXX.—Christians possess the true righteousness.

Chapter XXXI.—If Christ’s power be now so great, how much greater at the second advent!

Chapter XXXII.—Trypho objecting that Christ is described as glorious by Daniel, Justin distinguishes two advents.

Chapter XXXIII.—Ps. cx. is not spoken of Hezekiah. He proves that Christ was first humble, then shall be glorious.

Chapter XXXIV.—Nor does Ps. lxxii. apply to Solomon, whose faults Christians shudder at.

Chapter XXXV.—Heretics confirm the Catholics in the faith.

Chapter XXXVI.—He proves that Christ is called Lord of Hosts.

Chapter XXXVII.—The same is proved from other Psalms.

Chapter XXXVIII.—It is an annoyance to the Jew that Christ is said to be adored. Justin confirms it, however, from Ps. xlv.

Chapter XXXIX.—The Jews hate the Christians who believe this. How great the distinction is between both!

Chapter XL.—He returns to the Mosaic laws, and proves that they were figures of the things which pertain to Christ.

Chapter XLI.—The oblation of fine flour was a figure of the Eucharist.

Chapter XLII.—The bells on the priest’s robe were a figure of the apostles.

Chapter XLIII.—He concludes that the law had an end in Christ, who was born of the Virgin.

Chapter XLIV.—The Jews in vain promise themselves salvation, which cannot be obtained except through Christ.

Chapter XLV.—Those who were righteous before and under the law shall be saved by Christ.

Chapter XLVI.—Trypho asks whether a man who keeps the law even now will be saved. Justin proves that it contributes nothing to righteousness.

Chapter XLVII.—Justin communicates with Christians who observe the law. Not a few Catholics do otherwise.

Chapter XLVIII.—Before the divinity of Christ is proved, he [Trypho] demands that it be settled that He is Christ.

Chapter XLIX.—To those who object that Elijah has not yet come, he replies that he is the precursor of the first advent.

Chapter L.—It is proved from Isaiah that John is the precursor of Christ.

Chapter LI.—It is proved that this prophecy has been fulfilled.

Chapter LII.—Jacob predicted two advents of Christ.

Chapter LIII.—Jacob predicted that Christ would ride on an ass, and Zechariah confirms it.

Chapter LIV.—What the blood of the grape signifies.

Chapter LV.—Trypho asks that Christ be proved God, but without metaphor. Justin promises to do so.

Chapter LVI.—God who appeared to Moses is distinguished from God the Father.

Chapter LVII.—The Jew objects, why is He said to have eaten, if He be God? Answer of Justin.

Chapter LVIII.—The same is proved from the visions which appeared to Jacob.

Chapter LIX.—God distinct from the Father conversed with Moses.

Chapter LX.—Opinions of the Jews with regard to Him who appeared in the bush.

Chapter LXI—Wisdom is begotten of the Father, as fire from fire.

Chapter LXII.—The words “Let Us make man” agree with the testimony of Proverbs.

Chapter LXIII.—It is proved that this God was incarnate.

Chapter LXIV.—Justin adduces other proofs to the Jew, who denies that he needs this Christ.

Chapter LXV.—The Jew objects that God does not give His glory to another. Justin explains the passage.

Chapter LXVI.—He proves from Isaiah that God was born from a virgin.

Chapter LXVII.—Trypho compares Jesus with Perseus; and would prefer [to say] that He was elected [to be Christ] on account of observance of the law. Justin speaks of the law as formerly.

Chapter LXVIII.—He complains of the obstinacy of Trypho; he answers his objection; he convicts the Jews of bad faith.

Chapter LXIX.—The devil, since he emulates the truth, has invented fables about Bacchus, Hercules, and Æsculapius.

Chapter LXX.—So also the mysteries of Mithras are distorted from the prophecies of Daniel and Isaiah.

Chapter LXXI.—The Jews reject the interpretation of the LXX., from which, moreover, they have taken away some passages.

Chapter LXXII.—Passages have been removed by the Jews from Esdras and Jeremiah.

Chapter LXXIII.—[The words] “From the wood” have been cut out of Ps. xcvi.

Chapter LXXIV.—The beginning of Ps. xcvi. is attributed to the Father [by Trypho]. But [it refers] to Christ by these words: “Tell ye among the nations that the Lord,” etc.

Chapter LXXV.—It is proved that Jesus was the name of God in the book of Exodus.

Chapter LXXVI.—From other passages the same majesty and government of Christ are proved.

Chapter LXXVII.—He returns to explain the prophecy of Isaiah.

Chapter LXXVIII.—He proves that this prophecy harmonizes with Christ alone, from what is afterwards written.

Chapter LXXIX.—He proves against Trypho that the wicked angels have revolted from God.

Chapter LXXX.—The opinion of Justin with regard to the reign of a thousand years. Several Catholics reject it.

Chapter LXXXI.—He endeavours to prove this opinion from Isaiah and the Apocalypse.

Chapter LXXXII.—The prophetical gifts of the Jews were transferred to the Christians.

Chapter LXXXIII.—It is proved that the Psalm, “The Lord said to My Lord,” etc., does not suit Hezekiah.

Chapter LXXXIV.—That prophecy, “Behold, a virgin,” etc., suits Christ alone.

Chapter LXXXV.—He proves that Christ is the Lord of Hosts from Ps. xxiv., and from his authority over demons.

Chapter LXXXVI.—There are various figures in the Old Testament of the wood of the cross by which Christ reigned.

Chapter LXXXVII.—Trypho maintains in objection these words: “And shall rest on Him,” etc. They are explained by Justin.

Chapter LXXXVIII.—Christ has not received the Holy Spirit on account of poverty.

Chapter LXXXIX.—The cross alone is offensive to Trypho on account of the curse, yet it proves that Jesus is Christ.

Chapter XC.—The stretched-out hands of Moses signified beforehand the cross.

Chapter XCI.—The cross was foretold in the blessings of Joseph, and in the serpent that was lifted up.

Chapter XCII.—Unless the scriptures be understood through God’s great grace, God will not appear to have taught always the same righteousness.

Chapter XCIII.—The same kind of righteousness is bestowed on all. Christ comprehends it in two precepts.

Chapter XCIV.—In what sense he who hangs on a tree is cursed.

Chapter XCV.—Christ took upon Himself the curse due to us.

Chapter XCVI.—That curse was a prediction of the things which the Jews would do.

Chapter XCVII.—Other predictions of the cross of Christ.

Chapter XCVIII.—Predictions of Christ in Ps. xxii.

Chapter XCIX.—In the commencement of the Psalm are Christ’s dying words.

Chapter C.—In what sense Christ is [called] Jacob, and Israel, and Son of Man.

Chapter CI.—Christ refers all things to the Father

Chapter CII.—The prediction of the events which happened to Christ when He was born. Why God permitted it.

Chapter CIII.—The Pharisees are the bulls: the roaring lion is Herod or the devil.

Chapter CIV.—Circumstances of Christ’s death are predicted in this Psalm.

Chapter CV.—The Psalm also predicts the crucifixion and the subject of the last prayers of Christ on Earth.

Chapter CVI.—Christ’s resurrection is foretold in the conclusion of the Psalm.

Chapter CVII.—The same is taught from the history of Jonah.

Chapter CVIII.—The resurrection of Christ did not convert the Jews. But through the whole world they have sent men to accuse Christ.

Chapter CIX.—The conversion of the Gentiles has been predicted by Micah.

Chapter CX.—A portion of the prophecy already fulfilled in the Christians: the rest shall be fulfilled at the second advent.

Chapter CXI.—The two advents were signified by the two goats. Other figures of the first advent, in which the Gentiles are freed by the blood of Christ.

Chapter CXII.—The Jews expound these signs jejunely and feebly, and take up their attention only with insignificant matters.

Chapter CXIII.—Joshua was a figure of Christ.

Chapter CXIV.—Some rules for discerning what is said about Christ. The circumcision of the Jews is very different from that which Christians receive.

Chapter CXV.—Prediction about the Christians in Zechariah. The malignant way which the Jews have in disputations.

Chapter CXVI.—It is shown how this prophecy suits the Christians.

Chapter CXVII.—Malachi’s prophecy concerning the sacrifices of the Christians. It cannot be taken as referring to the prayers of Jews of the dispersion.

Chapter CXVIII.—He exhorts to repentance before Christ comes; in whom Christians, since they believe, are far more religious than Jews.

Chapter CXIX.—Christians are the holy people promised to Abraham. They have been called like Abraham.

Chapter CXX.—Christians were promised to Isaac, Jacob, and Judah.

Chapter CXXI.—From the fact that the Gentiles believe in Jesus, it is evident that He is Christ.

Chapter CXXII.—The Jews understand this of the proselytes without reason.

Chapter CXXIII.—Ridiculous interpretations of the Jews. Christians are the true Israel.

Chapter CXXIV.—Christians are the sons of God.

Chapter CXXV.—He explains what force the word Israel has, and how it suits Christ.

Chapter CXXVI.—The various names of Christ according to both natures. It is shown that He is God, and appeared to the patriarchs.

Chapter CXXVII.—These passages of Scripture do not apply to the Father, but to the Word.

Chapter CXXVIII.—The Word is sent not as an inanimate power, but as a person begotten of the Father’s substance.

Chapter CXXIX.—That is confirmed from other passages of Scripture.

Chapter CXXX.—He returns to the conversion of the Gentiles, and shows that it was foretold.

Chapter CXXXI.—How much more faithful to God the Gentiles are who are converted to Christ than the Jews.

Chapter CXXXII.—How great the power was of the name of Jesus in the Old Testament.

Chapter CXXXIII.—The hard-heartedness of the Jews, for whom the Christians pray.

Chapter CXXXIV.—The marriages of Jacob are a figure of the Church.

Chapter CXXXV.—Christ is king of Israel, and Christians are the Israelitic race.

Chapter CXXXVI.—The Jews, in rejecting Christ, rejected God who sent him.

Chapter CXXXVII.—He exhorts the Jews to be converted.

Chapter CXXXVIII.—Noah is a figure of Christ, who has regenerated us by water, and faith, and wood: [i.e., the cross.]

Chapter CXXXIX.—The blessings, and also the curse, pronounced by Noah were prophecies of the future.

Chapter CXL.—In Christ all are free. The Jews hope for salvation in vain because they are sons of Abraham.

Chapter CXLI.—Free-will in men and angels.

Chapter CXLII.—The Jews return thanks, and leave Justin.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemThe Discourse to the Greeks

Chapter I.—Justin justifies his departure from Greek customs.

Chapter II.—The Greek theogony exposed.

Chapter III.—Follies of the Greek mythology.

Chapter IV.—Shameless practices of the Greeks.

Chapter V.—Closing appeal.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemHortatory Address to the Greeks

Chapter I.—Reasons for addressing the Greeks.

Chapter II—The poets are unfit to be religious teachers.

Chapter III.—Opinions of the school of Thales.

Chapter IV.—Opinions of Pythagoras and Epicurus.

Chapter V.—Opinions of Plato and Aristotle.

Chapter VI.—Further disagreements between Plato and Aristotle.

Chapter VII.—Inconsistencies of Plato’s doctrine.

Chapter VIII.—Antiquity, inspiration, and harmony of Christian teachers.

Chapter IX.—The antiquity of Moses proved by Greek writers.

Chapter X—Training and inspiration of Moses.

Chapter XI.—Heathen oracles testify of Moses.

Chapter XII.—Antiquity of Moses proved.

Chapter XIII.—History of the Septuagint.

Chapter XIV.—A warning appeal to the Greeks.

Chapter XV.—Testimony of Orpheus to monotheism.

Chapter XVI.—Testimony of the Sibyl.

Chapter XVII.—Testimony of Homer.

Chapter XVIII.—Testimony of Sophocles.

Chapter XIX.—Testimony of Pythagoras.

Chapter XX.—Testimony of Plato.

Chapter XXI.—The namelessness of God.

Chapter XXII.—Studied ambiguity Plato.

Chapter XXIII.—Plato’s self-contradiction.

Chapter XXIV.—Agreement of Plato and Homer.

Chapter XXV.—Plato’s knowledge of God’s eternity.

Chapter XXVI.—Plato indebted to the prophets.

Chapter XXVII.—Plato’s knowledge of the judgment.

Chapter XXVIII.—Homer’s obligations to the sacred writers.

Chapter XXIX.—Origin of Plato’s doctrine of form.

Chapter XXX.—Homer’s knowledge of man’s origin.

Chapter XXXI.—Further proof of Plato’s acquaintance with Scripture.

Chapter XXXII.—Plato’s doctrine of the heavenly gift.

Chapter XXXIII.—Plato’s idea of the beginning of time drawn from Moses.

Chapter XXXIV.—Whence men attributed to God human form.

Chapter XXXV.—Appeal to the Greeks.

Chapter XXXVI.—True knowledge not held by the philosophers.

Chapter XXXVII.—Of the Sibyl.

Chapter XXXVIII.—Concluding appeal.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemOn the Sole Government of God

Chapter I.—Object of the author.

Chapter II.—Testimonies to the unity of God.

Chapter III.—Testimonies to a future judgment.

Chapter IV.—God desires not sacrifices, but righteousness.

Chapter V.—The vain pretensions of false gods.

Chapter VI.—We should acknowledge one only God.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemOn the Resurrection, Fragments

Chapter I.—The self-evidencing power of truth.

Chapter II.—Objections to the resurrection of the flesh.

Chapter III.—If the members rise, must they discharge the same functions as now?

Chapter IV.—Must the deformed rise deformed?

Chapter V.—The resurrection of the flesh is not impossible.

Chapter VI.—The resurrection consistent with the opinions of the philosophers.

Chapter VII.—The body valuable in God’s sight.

Chapter VIII.—Does the body cause the soul to sin?

Chapter IX.—The resurrection of Christ proves that the body rises.

Chapter X.—The body saved, and will therefore rise.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemOther Fragments from the Lost Writings of Justin




















Introductory Note to the Martyrdom of Justin Martyr

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemThe Martyrdom of Justin Martyr

Chapter I.—Examination of Justin by the prefect.

Chapter II.—Examination of Justin continued.

Chapter III.—Examination of Chariton and others.

Chapter IV.—Rusticus threatens the Christians with death.

Chapter V.—Sentence pronounced and executed.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemIRENÆUS

Introductory Note to Irenæus Against Heresies

Click to expand or collapse this itemAgainst Heresies: Book I


Chapter I.—Absurd ideas of the disciples of Valentinus as to the origin, name, order, and conjugal productions of their fancied Æons, with the passages of Scripture which they adapt to their opinions.

Chapter II.—The Propator was known to Monogenes alone. Ambition, disturbance, and danger into which Sophia fell; her shapeless offspring: she is restored by Horos. The production of Christ and of the Holy Spirit, in order to the completion of the Æons. Manner of the production of Jesus.

Chapter III.—Texts of Holy Scripture used by these heretics to support their opinions.

Chapter IV.—Account given by the heretics of the formation of Achamoth; origin of the visible world from her disturbances.

Chapter V.—Formation of the Demiurge; description of him. He is the creator of everything outside of the Pleroma.

Chapter VI.—The threefold kind of man feigned by these heretics: good works needless for them, though necessary to others: their abandoned morals.

Chapter VII.—The mother Achamoth, when all her seed are perfected, shall pass into the Pleroma, accompanied by those men who are spiritual; the Demiurge, with animal men, shall pass into the intermediate habitation; but all material men shall go into corruption. Their blasphemous opinions against the true incarnation of Christ by the Virgin Mary. Their views as to the prophecies. Stupid ignorance of the Demiurge.

Chapter VIII.—How the Valentinians pervert the Scriptures to support their own pious opinions.

Chapter IX.—Refutation of the impious interpretations of these heretics.

Chapter X.—Unity of the faith of the Church throughout the whole world.

Chapter XI.—The opinions of Valentinus, with those of his disciples and others.

Chapter XII.—The doctrines of the followers of Ptolemy and Colorbasus.

Chapter XIII.—The deceitful arts and nefarious practices of Marcus.

Chapter XIV.—The various hypotheses of Marcus and others. Theories respecting letters and syllables.

Chapter XV.—Sige relates to Marcus the generation of the twenty-four elements and of Jesus. Exposure of these absurdities.

Chapter XVI.—Absurd interpretations of the Marcosians.

Chapter XVII.—The theory of the Marcosians, that created things were made after the image of things invisible.

Chapter XVIII.—Passages from Moses, which the heretics pervert to the support of their hypothesis.

Chapter XIX.—Passages of Scripture by which they attempt to prove that the Supreme Father was unknown before the coming of Christ.

Chapter XX.—The apocryphal and spurious Scriptures of the Marcosians, with passages of the Gospels which they pervert.

Chapter XXI.—The views of redemption entertained by these heretics.

Chapter XXII.—Deviations of heretics from the truth.

Chapter XXIII.—Doctrines and practices of Simon Magus and Menander.

Chapter XXIV.—Doctrines of Saturninus and Basilides.

Chapter XXV.—Doctrines of Carpocrates.

Chapter XXVI.—Doctrines of Cerinthus, the Ebionites, and Nicolaitanes.

Chapter XXVII.—Doctrines of Cerdo and Marcion.

Chapter XXVIII.—Doctrines of Tatian, the Encratites, and others.

Chapter XXIX.—Doctrines of various other Gnostic sects, and especially of the Barbeliotes or Borborians.

Chapter XXX.—Doctrines of the Ophites and Sethians.

Chapter XXXI.—Doctrines of the Cainites.

Click to expand or 
collapse this itemAgainst Heresies: Book II


Chapter I.—There is but one God: the impossibility of its being otherwise.

Chapter II.—The world was not formed by angels, or by any other being, contrary to the will of the most high God, but was made by the Father through the Word.

Chapter III.—The Bythus and Pleroma of the Valentinians, as well as the God of Marcion, shown to be absurd; the world was actually created by the same Being who had conceived the idea of it, and was not the fruit of defect or ignorance.

Chapter IV.—The absurdity of the supposed vacuum and defect of the heretics is demonstrated.

Chapter V.—This world was not formed by any other beings within the territory which is contained by the Father.

Chapter VI.—The angels and the Creator of the world could not have been ignorant of the Supreme God.

Chapter VII.—Created things are not the images of those Æons who are within the Pleroma.

Chapter VIII.—Created things are not a shadow of the Pleroma.

Chapter IX.—There is but one Creator of the world, God the Father: this the constant belief of the Church.

Chapter X.—Perverse interpretations of Scripture by the heretics: God created all things out of nothing, and not from pre-existent matter.

Chapter XI.—The heretics, from their disbelief of the truth, have fallen into an abyss of error: reasons for investigating their systems.

Chapter XII.—The Triacontad of the heretics errs both by defect and excess: Sophia could never have produced anything apart from her consort; Logos and Sige could not have been contemporaries.

Chapter XIII.—The first order of production maintained by the heretics is altogether indefensible.

Chapter XIV.—Valentinus and his followers derived the principles of their system from the heathen; the names only are changed.

Chapter XV.—No account can be given of these productions.

Chapter XVI.—The Creator of the world either produced of Himself the images of things to be made, or the Pleroma was formed after the image of some previous system; and so on ad infinitum.

Chapter XVII.—Inquiry into the production of the Æons: whatever its supposed nature, it is in every respect inconsistent; and on the hypothesis of the heretics, even Nous and the Father Himself would be stained with ignorance.

Chapter XVIII.—Sophia was never really in ignorance or passion; her Enthymesis could not have been separated from herself, or exhibited special tendencies of its own.

Chapter XIX.—Absurdities of the heretics as to their own origin: their opinions respecting the Demiurge shown to be equally untenable and ridiculous.