W61-11-1---Plus The Studies of--- Is God’s Name Christ?--Acts15-14.htm GEB -> Study Notes on 15:14

NamesOfChristainChurches.htm  and 73.htm Plus About SBtsCommentaryNotes.

For Dates When some main Commentators.htm  Lived

Open and Study Commentators.htm AND Commentaries

Two Examples John Gill  GEB -> Study Notes on 15:14 (1690-1771). and

Matthew Henry was born near Wales on October 18, 1662

The entire commentary by  Matthew Henry.

JW’S Founder Charles T. Russell, Religious Figure

But Jehovah’s Name did happen until 1931 Full Disclosure in -OOpen History

Born: 16 February 1852 (C.T. Russell)

Birthplace: Allegheny, Pennsylvania

Died: 31 October 1916 Open (C.T. Russell)

Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
Open and compare

Micah4-1-7plusIsaiah2-4.htm--last day prophecy.



JW’S Own Write Up’s With Linked Verses For Comparison Included --WatchTowers 11/1/1961 and W2-15-62

                                                Bearers of the Fear-Inspiring Name ------(JEHOVAH)

All the peoples of the earth will have to see that Jehovah’s name has been called upon you, and they will indeed be afraid of you.”—Deut. 28:10. 28:10

FEAR of a name because it is called upon a people or is associated with a people! Is it a justified fear? This depends upon what the name is famed or noted for. Also, do the bearers of the name make it famous or give a favorable impression of it, making the name capture respectful attention? Do the bearers give value or take away value from the name? What weight does the name carry in itself?

2 There may be great prejudice against the name, but does the people called by the name both honor and impart honor to it? Does the owner of the name deal with this people in a way that heightens respect and creates a feeling of awe toward the name? If the people upon whom it is called uphold the dignity of the name, and if the owner of it uses this people to magnify his name and keep it above reproach, then, indeed, the fear of the name by the nations that observe this name people is justified. Such a fear by the nations leads to certain results.

3 Who is this people called by a name that the nations of the world are induced to fear?

 It is a people upon whom is called the name of the Creator of heaven and earth, that is to say, the name of God. Is there such a people today? We know that from very ancient times up until nineteen centuries ago there was such a people on earth. Forty years after becoming a nation they were found camped on the plains of Moab, in what is now called the country of Jordan. At that time a lawgiver who is still highly respected all around the world was their visible leader. This was the prophet Moses, through whom the famous Ten Commandments were given by God to Moses’ people. These people were soon to move westward across the Jordan River into their Promised Land and occupy it with the help of their God. For their prosperity they would have to keep obeying the Ten Commandments and all the other laws of God based upon the Ten Commandments. Moses, who was about to die, delivered a number of farewell speeches in which he reminded them of their obligation to do this. So Moses brought them into a covenant in which this people bearing God’s name promised to be faithful to him in their new land.

4 In the course of the speech introducing this covenant or solemn contract with God, the prophet Moses said:

“Keep silent and listen, O Israel. This day you have become the people of Jehovah your God. And it must occur that if you will without fail listen to the voice of Jehovah your God by being careful to do all his commandments that I am commanding you today, Jehovah your God also will certainly put you high above all other nations of the earth. . . . Jehovah will establish you as a holy people to himself, just as he swore to you, because you continue to keep the commandments of Jehovah your God, and you have walked in his ways. And all the peoples of the earth will have to see that Jehovah’s name has been called upon you, and they will indeed be afraid of you.”—Deut. 27:9; 27:9  28:1-10. 28-1-10

5 That was a great opportunity and privilege set before the people of Israel thirty-four centuries ago; but there is no denying that they did not live up to it. In the same farewell speech Moses told them of the divine curses that would come upon them if they did not listen to Jehovah’s voice and obey his commandments. (Deut. 28:16-68) Deut. 28-16-68

The history of the people of Israel for the past nineteen centuries of our Common Era makes it plain that they have been undergoing the curses of Jehovah God for their disobedience. They have not been a credit to him. They have not exalted his name, and they are no longer his name people. At the beginning of our Common Era they had their greatest opportunity as a nation, but only a small remnant of the Israelites availed themselves of it. This was when a great Teacher, Prophet and Miracle Worker greater than Moses came to them in the name of Jehovah. He came with the anointing of God’s holy spirit upon him. Hence he was called Christ, but his personal name was Jesus, which means “Jehovah Is Salvation.”

6 Several days before the Jewish passover of A.D. 33, as he rode an ass into Jerusalem, a multitude of Jews hailed him as king, as the royal heir of the famous King David of Jerusalem. But on the passover day itself the Jewish religious leaders turned Jesus over to the Roman governor of Judea, refused to own him as God’s promised King and shouted to the Roman governor: “His blood come upon us and upon our children.” (Matt. 27:24, 25) 27:24- 27:25 “We have no king but Caesar.” (John 19:15) 19:15

So they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate *said to them, "Shall I crucify your King ?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar."

 That same Passover day Jesus Christ was impaled outside of Jerusalem by Roman soldiers. There he died in disgrace and was buried in a nearby tomb. Thirty-three years later the Jews rebelled against their chosen king, Caesar. So in the year 70 their capital city Jerusalem and its temple of worship were destroyed, and the Jews were scattered to the ends of the earth. It is evident that they have since been suffering curses foretold by the prophet Moses.

7 The disciples of Jesus Christ had been scattered when he was betrayed and arrested. However, on the third day from his death and burial they were brought together and united again around their Master Jesus Christ. For on that day Almighty God, Jehovah, resurrected his heavenly Son from the dead. Jesus Christ, now alive from the dead, made a number of appearances to his disciples out of the invisible realm, as he had been raised to life as a spirit. So now and again during the next forty days the resurrected Jesus Christ had private meetings with these witnesses of his resurrection. Finally they saw him depart for heaven and disappear from them, but that he might appear in the presence of his heavenly Father.

8 For ten days they kept together in Jerusalem, waiting for the promise of God’s holy spirit to be fulfilled toward them according to the words of Jesus before he ascended to heaven. Then what the Jews call Shabúoth or the Feast of Weeks, or Pentecost, came. The holy spirit did descend upon the little congregation of 120 disciples of Jesus. Miraculously they began talking with unlearned foreign languages and prophesying or openly telling about the magnificent things of God. None of the rest of the Jews at the temple in Jerusalem or throughout the country got this outpouring of holy spirit from Jehovah God at the hand of the Lord Jesus Christ. Thousands of those Jews gathered to witness this miraculous spectacle and to listen to what these disciples of Jesus Christ had to say in all these foreign languages. What had happened? Simon Peter, one of the disciples, got up first to tell them. The prophecy of Joel 2:28-32 had begun to be fulfilled. Hence Peter said:

9 “This is what was said through the prophet Joel, ‘“And in the last days,” God says, “I shall pour out some of my spirit upon every sort of flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy and your young men will see visions and your old men will dream dreams; and even upon my men slaves and upon my women slaves I will pour out some of my spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. . . . And everyone who calls on the name of Jehovah will be saved.”’”

Compare The Restored Sacred Name King James Bible 




1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28


And it shall be, that whosoever shall call on the name of Yahweh shall be saved.

Acts 2:21 The New American Standard Bible


Gen 2:4

More in Acts2-21plus.htm

10 Then Peter explained to them that Jesus Christ, who had been impaled and buried on passover day, just fifty-two days previous, had also been resurrected from the dead and exalted to God’s right hand in heaven in fulfillment of the prophecies of King David. This Lord Jesus Christ, as God’s channel, had poured out this holy spirit upon his faithful followers on earth. Thousands of conscience-stricken listeners asked what they should do. So Peter said: “Repent, and let each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the free gift of the holy spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children and to all those afar off, just as many as Jehovah our God may call to him.” In further exhorting them what to do Peter said: “Get saved from this crooked generation.”—Acts 2:16-40. Open Chapter 2 - Read This Chapter

ACTS 2:16

but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel:  

When did these commentators live –for some open and Study Commentators.htm

GEB -> Study Notes on 2:16


11 Under inspiration of God’s spirit through Christ the apostle Peter called that generation of Jews who had rejected Jesus Christ a “crooked generation.” To escape destruction the guilty Jews had to be “saved from” that crooked generation, to get out of it. It was no longer God’s chosen people, the people for his name, the people upon whom his name was called. The persons who were now his approved people, his men slaves and his women slaves, were those whom he had marked by the outpouring of his spirit, the dedicated, baptized followers of God’s Son, Jesus Christ the Lord. These had become God’s new nation, a spiritual nation. How? By all of them partaking of God’s one holy spirit. These believing Jews had been members of God’s former people for his name. By faith in Jesus as Christ they continued to be people for His name, but now as members of his new spiritual nation, “the Israel of God.” (Gal. 6:16) 6:16

And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God.

In proof of that Peter wrote them some time later and said:

12 “You are ‘a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for special possession, that you should declare abroad the excellencies’ of the one that called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. For you were once not a people, but are now God’s people.”—1 Pet. 2:9,10; 1:1, 2.

1 Pet. 2:9

But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God's OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

1 Pet. 2:10

for you once were NOT A PEOPLE, but now you are THE PEOPLE OF GOD; you had NOT RECEIVED MERCY, but now you have RECEIVED MERCY.


1 Pet. 1:1

Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen

1 Pet. 1:2

according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.


13 Fulfillment of Jehovah’s prophecy through Joel about pouring out his holy spirit did not stop there on that day of Pentecost. It continued on. About three and a half years later, under direction of God’s angel, Peter entered his first Gentile (non-Jewish) home, in Caesarea, about fifty miles northwest of Jerusalem, and preached to the uncircumcised Italian centurion, Cornelius, and his family and friends. These accepted the message about the Son of God, Jesus Christ. Then the holy spirit was poured out upon them and they also prophesied in foreign tongues. So they got baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. (Acts 10:1-48) From then on many uncircumcised non-Jews or Gentiles were given the message of salvation.

14 Upon believing and getting baptized in symbol of their belief, these also received the holy spirit, even though they did not get circumcised like natural Jews. They became spiritual Jews and did not need it, for their circumcision was of their hearts by the purifying power of faith. These, too, became part of God’s chosen race, his holy nation, his people for special possession, his “people for his name.” There is no disputing this point; it is the truth. About A.D. 49 a special conference of Peter and other apostles and other older Christian men at Jerusalem recognized these uncircumcised non-Jewish baptized believers as members of God’s people for his name. Listen to what James said there:

15 “Brothers, hear me. Symeon [Peter] has related thoroughly how God for the first time turned his attention to the [uncircumcised] nations to take out of them [what?] a people for his name. And with this the words of the Prophets agree, just as it is written, ‘After these things I shall return and rebuild the booth of David that is fallen down; and I shall rebuild its ruins and erect it again, [why?] in order that those who remain of the men [the believing Jewish remnant] may earnestly seek Jehovah, together with [whom?] people of all the nations, people who are called by my name, says Jehovah, who is doing these things.’”—Acts 15:13-17.



16 TActs15-13-17

Book of Acts

Chapter 15  -  Read Chapter - Click for Chapter Audio

Study Resource List

BCC -> Commentary on 15:13
DSN -> Synopsis on 15:13
GEB -> Study Notes on 15:13
GSB -> Study Notes on 15:13
JFB -> Commentary on 15:13
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 15:13
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 15:13
OCA -> Commentary on 15:13
PNT -> Commentary on 15:13
RWP -> Study Notes on 15:13
SRN -> Study Notes on 15:13
TSK -> Commentary on 15:13 TSK -> Entry for 15:13
WEN -> Notes on 15:13
NTB -> Antioch; Catholicity; Church; Circumcision; Council; Doctrines; Elder; Gentiles; James; Law; Titus
TTT -> Justification before God
EBD -> Apostle; James; Peter
SBD -> James the Less; Paul

Acts 15:6-21 - [Verse 13 in Original Greek]

6 The R824 apostles and the elders came together to look F348 into this matter. F349 7 After there had been much debate, R825 Peter stood up and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in F350 the early days God R826 made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles would hear the word of the R827 gospel and believe. 8 "And God, who R828 knows the heart, testified to them giving R829 them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us; 9 and He R830 made no distinction between us and them, cleansing R831 their hearts by faith. 10 "Now therefore why do you put R832 God to the test by placing upon the neck of the disciples a yoke which neither R833 our fathers nor we have been able to bear? 11 "But we believe that we are saved through the R834 grace of the Lord Jesus, in the same way as they also are." 12 All the people kept silent, and they were listening to Barnabas and Paul as they were relating R835 what signs R836 and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. 13 After they had stopped speaking, James F351 R837 answered, saying, "Brethren, listen to me. 14 "Simeon has related how God first concerned Himself about taking from among the Gentiles a people for His name. 15 "With this the words of the R838 Prophets agree, just as it is written, 16 'AFTER THESE THINGS I R839 will return, AND I WILL REBUILD THE TABERNACLE F352 OF DAVID WHICH HAS FALLEN, AND I WILL REBUILD ITS RUINS, AND I WILL RESTORE IT, 17 SO R840 THAT THE REST OF MANKIND F353 MAY SEEK THE LORD, AND ALL THE GENTILES WHO F354 R841 ARE CALLED BY MY NAME,' 18 SAYS R842 THE LORD, WHO MAKES F355 R843 THESE THINGS KNOWN FROM LONG AGO. 19 "Therefore it is my R844 judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to God from among the Gentiles, 20 but that we write to them that they abstain from things F356 R845 contaminated by idols and from fornication R846 and from what R847 is strangled and from blood. 21 "For Moses R848 from ancient generations has in every city those who preach him, since he F357 is read in the synagogues every Sabbath."

hose believing “people of all the nations” as well as the believing Jews became a people for whose name? Not for Jesus’ name, but for God’s name, the name of Jehovah. The prophecy of Amos 9:11, 12,

Amos 9:11

"In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old;

 Amos 9:12

That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name," Declares the LORD who does this. GEB -> Study Notes on 9:11
GSB -> Study Notes on 9:11
JFB -> Commentary on 9:11
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 9:11
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 9:11
TSK -> Commentary on 9:11 TSK -> Entry for 9:11
WEN -> Notes on 9:11
NTB -> Church; Gentiles; Israel, Prophecies Concerning; Jesus, The Christ; Prophecy; Quotations And Allusions

 as quoted by the disciple James, says: “‘All the nations upon whom my name has been called,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, who is doing this.” Hence this spiritual nation of Jewish and non-Jewish believers, baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, is the people upon whom the name of Jehovah is called. The unbelieving natural Jews or Israelites are not the people for Jehovah’s name and have not been such for the past nineteen centuries. Jehovah does not have two peoples, two nations. He has only one people, one spiritual nation, namely, the believing, baptized, spirit-anointed followers of the Lord Jesus Christ. (Eph. 2:11-22) Chapter 2 - Read This Chapter

.Eph. 2:11

Therefore remember that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called "Uncircumcision " by the so-called "Circumcision," which is performed in the flesh by human hands --


They are Jehovah’s people, his anointed witnesses, the same as Jesus Christ was on earth.


17 However, the fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy concerning the pouring out of the holy spirit and Amos’ prophecy concerning the seeking of Jehovah by people of all the nations has continued down into this twentieth century, to our own generation. All the true Christian congregation of dedicated, baptized followers of Jesus Christ, from the first of them in the apostles’ days to the last of them in these days of ours, all of them have received the outpouring or anointing of the spirit. As long as there are any members being brought into the spiritual “Israel of God,” Joel’s prophecy about the outpouring of the spirit will go on being fulfilled. The effects of this will also be seen and heard. Therefore Jehovah God has on earth today a people upon whom his name is called, a “people for his name,” anointed with his spirit. They are a mere remnant of his anointed “holy nation,” which has been in formation for the past nineteen centuries.

18 That the Christian congregation was to have God’s name called upon it, even Jesus Christ himself indicated. In the last book of the Bible Jesus repeatedly called attention to that fact. In Revelation 14:1 14:1

Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four , * thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.

 he pictured himself and his congregation of 144,000 anointed followers standing upon the heavenly Mount Zion. The apostle John describes the vision for us, saying: “And I saw, and, look! the Lamb standing upon the Mount Zion, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand having his name and the name of his Father written on their foreheads.” The name of Jesus’ Father is Jehovah. This name appears written, as it were, upon the foreheads of his redeemed followers to show to whom they belong, whose people they are, whose servants they are, the people for whose special possession they are, namely, Jehovah’s. Jesus Christ said that his Father had given him these 144,000, and so they have, in addition, Christ’s name written on their foreheads, the symbolic place for identification marks.—John 17:9-12.


"I ask on their behalf; I do not ask on behalf of the world, but of those whom You have given Me; for they are Yours;



and all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in them.



"I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are.



"While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.



19 In Revelation 3:12 Rev3-12-14.htm PLUS

the glorified Jesus Christ says: “The one that conquers—I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will by no means go out from it any more, and I will write upon him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem which descends out of heaven from my God, and that new name of mine.” Accordingly, the faithful overcoming followers become part of the spiritual temple of God of which Jesus Christ is the foundation cornerstone. They have the name of Jesus’ God written upon them, which is Jehovah. By name they are also shown to belong to the New Jerusalem, which is in heaven, and also to Jesus Christ in his new relationship with his God and Father.—Eph. 2:20-22.

Eph. 2:20

having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,


in whom the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord,


in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.


20 In the very last chapter of the Bible, in Revelation 22:1-5,

Chapter 22  -  Read Chapter - Click for Chapter Audio

Study Resource List

BCC -> Commentary on 22:1
DSN -> Synopsis on 22:1
GEB -> Study Notes on 22:1
GSB -> Study Notes on 22:1
JFB -> Commentary on 22:1
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 22:1
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 22:1
PNT -> Commentary on 22:1
RWP -> Study Notes on 22:1
TSK -> Commentary on 22:1 TSK -> Entry for 22:1
WEN -> Notes on 22:1
NTB -> Church; Crystal; Heaven; Jesus, The Christ (continued); Lamb Of God; Readings, Select; River; Vision
EBD -> Crystal; Ezekiel, Book of

Revelation 22:1-5 - [Verse 1 in Original Greek]

1 Then he R1122 showed me a river R1123 of the water R1124 of life, clear F250 as R1125 crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the F251 Lamb, 2 in the middle of its R1126 street. On R1127 either side of the river was the R1128 tree of life, bearing twelve {kinds F252 of} fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 There R1129 will no longer be any curse; and the R1130 throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and His bond-servants will serve R1131 Him; 4 they will see R1132 His face, and His name R1133 {will be} on their foreheads. R1134 5 And there R1135 will no longer be {any} night; and they will F253 not have need of R1136 the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them; and they will reign R1137 forever and ever


 the apostle John first describes the river of the water of life and the fruit trees lining the river banks, and then says: “And no more will there be any curse. But the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his slaves will render him sacred service; and they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. Also, night will be no more, and they have no need of lamplight nor do they have sunlight, because Jehovah God will shed light upon them, and they will rule as kings forever and ever.” Upon these faithful heirs of the kingdom of God there rests no curse from God such as rests upon the unfaithful or imitation Christians. As dedicated slaves of Jehovah God they unswervingly render sacred service to him and remain a “people for his name.” For this reason they see his face of approval, and his holy name appears on their foreheads to identify them as forever His.

21 If we are honest we will admit this fact: It is a right and proper thing for the true Christians, the true followers of Jesus Christ, to be called by Jehovah’s name. They are a people taken out, not for Christ’s name, but for the name of his God and Father, Jehovah. Any so-called Christians throughout the realms of Christendom who refuse to have the name of Jehovah called upon them and who refuse to be a “people for his name” are really not Christians.

22 Even Jesus Christ the Leader of true Christianity was one of the “people for his name” by being born as a natural Jew and being circumcised. He had God’s name combined in his own personal name, as “Jesus” is an abbreviated name meaning “Jehovah Is Salvation.” Hence the hundreds of millions of so-called Christians in Christendom who refuse to have Jehovah’s name written, as it were, upon their foreheads prove by this that they are counterfeits, sham Christians. They have never been taken out from the nations of this world and were never separated from this world to be what the disciple James said, “a people for his name.”


23 It was back in 1931 that a faithful remnant of dedicated, baptized Christians who did not belong to the sects of Christendom embraced the name “Jehovah’s witnesses” to identify themselves. In doing this they were not out of line with the Scriptures nor with Christian truth. But before being worthy to take to themselves such an honorable designation they had to prove that they were really public witnesses of Jehovah in imitation of Jesus Christ. Did they do this? Yes, in co-operation with the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, particularly since 1926. That year the official magazine of this Society, namely, The Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence, published in its issue of January 1, 1926, the challenging chief article entitled “Who Will Honor Jehovah?” They then appreciated that it was the time for Jehovah to make a name for himself as he had done in the days of the ancient prophets. So they determined to honor the name of Jehovah as never before and to make it known. They openly confessed, as if they had his name written on their foreheads, that they belonged to Jehovah in full dedication through Christ and that they were therefore His witnesses.

24 Under these circumstances and by his holy spirit upon them God called their attention to his own prophecy in Isaiah 43:10-12

 The New American Standard Bible



 Book of Isaiah

Chapter 43 - Read This Chapter



Study Resource List

GEB -> Study Notes on 43:10
GSB -> Study Notes on 43:10
JFB -> Commentary on 43:10
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 43:10
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 43:10
TSK -> Commentary on 43:10 TSK -> Entry for 43:10
WEN -> Notes on 43:10
NTB -> Condescension Of God; Faith; God (continued); Isaiah; Testimony
TTT -> Ear, The; God


"You are My witnesses," declares the LORD, "And My servant whom I have chosen, So that you may know and believe Me And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me.

r$) (8803) yDb(w hwhy (8686) yde( eT) (8799)
(8799) yl Wnym)tw W(deT a(ml yTrxB (8804)
. hyhy )l yrx)w le) rcwn-)l ynpl )Wh yn)




"I, even I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides * Me.

 (y$wm (8688) yd(lBm aye)w hwhy ykn) ykn)



"It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, And there was no strange god among you; So you are My witnesses," declares the LORD, "And I am God.

(8803) le)-yn)w hwhy-mU)n yde( eT)w rz ekB (8801) aye)w
. yT(m$hw
(8689) yT($whw (8689) yTdGh ykn) (8689)





, which reads: “‘You are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘even my servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and have faith in me, and that you may understand that I am the same One. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there continued to be none. I—I am Jehovah, and besides me there is no savior.’ ‘I myself have told forth and have saved and have caused it to be heard, when there was among you no strange god. So you are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘and I am God.’”

25 Accordingly, in 1931, after years of service in that capacity, this remnant of dedicated, baptized, anointed Christians declared their responsibility before the whole world by embracing the name provided in the Scriptures, that is, Jehovah’s witnesses. They acknowledged to God that he was saying to them by the afore-quoted prophecy: “You are my witnesses,” “my servant.”

26 In this way they distinguished themselves from all the religious sectarians in Christendom who call themselves Christians. Let us take note that the name “Christian” is not a distinctive name today as it was nineteen centuries ago. Back there, according to Acts 11:26, 11:26

and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. And for an entire year they met with the church and taught considerable numbers; and the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.


it was first in Antioch [in Syria] that the disciples were by divine providence called Christians.” That occurred about the year 50. So that from A.D. 33 to 50, or for seventeen years, the disciples of Jesus Christ had not been called Christians or Messianists. Besides this fact, the word “Christian” occurs only three times in the entire Bible.—Acts 11:26; 26:28; 1 Pet. 4:16.

Chapter 11 - Read This Chapter



Study Resource List

BCC -> Commentary on 11:26
DSN -> Synopsis on 11:26
GEB -> Study Notes on 11:26
GSB -> Study Notes on 11:26
JFB -> Commentary on 11:26
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 11:26
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 11:26
OCA -> Commentary on 11:26
PNT -> Commentary on 11:26
RWP -> Study Notes on 11:26
TSK -> Commentary on 11:26 TSK -> Entry for 11:26
WEN -> Notes on 11:26
NTB -> Antioch; Christian; Disciple; Tarsus; Zeal, Religious
TTT -> Titles and Names of Saints
EBD -> Antioch; Barnabas; Christian; Paul
SBD -> Antioch; Barnabas; Christian


and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. And for an entire year they met with the church and taught considerable numbers; and the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.

kai eurwn (5631) hgagen (5627) eiv Antioxeian. egeneto (5633) de autoiv kai eniauton olon sunaxqhnai (5683) en th| ekklhsia| kai didacai oxlon ikanon, xrhmatisai (5658) te prwtwv en Antioxeia| touv maqhtav Xristianouv. 



Agrippa replied to Paul, "In a short time you will persuade me to become a Christian."


1 Pet. 4:16

but if anyone suffers as a Christian, he is not to be ashamed, but is to glorify God in this name.


27 Why were they called Christians (Greek) or Messianists (Hebrew)? In order to distinguish them from the natural Jews or Israelites who had rejected the Lord Jesus as the Messiah or Christ. And yet Rome confused Christians with Jews, because the Christians also used the Jewish Bible and their Leader Jesus Christ was a native-born Jew, Israelite or Hebrew. So away back there the name Christian did serve somewhat to distinguish the true followers of Christ. But today, nineteen centuries later, there are hundreds of millions of religious people who have taken the name Christian. But they have made the name Christian stink among the heathen or pagans, including the atheists found inside the realm of Christendom.

28 Nineteen centuries ago, when Christianity was in its innocent state, the apostle Peter could write to Christ’s followers: “Let none of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or as a busybody in other people’s matters. But if he suffers as a Christian, let him not feel shame, but let him keep on glorifying God in this name.” (1 Pet. 4:15, 16) 4:15

Make sure that none * of you suffers as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;


but if anyone suffers as a Christian, he is not to be ashamed, but is to glorify God in this name.


 But today the jails and prisons of Christendom are loaded with professed Christians who are guilty of the very things Peter said not to be guilty of, as murderers, as thieves, as evildoers and as busybodies in other people’s matters.

29 The record that Christendom has made in history since the days of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great is disgraceful for both Protestants and Catholics. Hence the mere name Christian has bad associations today among the informed pagans. Christians are known as those who dropped two atomic bombs on the unchristian cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, for diplomatic, political reasons, thus killing 156,000 Japanese civilians in a matter of seconds.

30 Christendom is made up of nations that are supposed to be Christian. But according to the Holy Bible, has any political nation of this world the Scriptural right to call itself Christian? In the Victoria Times of Canada under date of January 11, 1960, newspaper columnist B. A. Tobin said under “What’s in a Name?” this:

. . . our religions, our reason for being on the earth at all—the labels which we have always conveniently pasted on these things are being looked at pretty critically to see if they describe the contents accurately. Some uncomfortable thoughts are being produced as a result.

People are asking, for instance, if we should call a country a “Christian country” if only a small fraction of its inhabitants really believe the doctrines of that religion.

H. L. Mencken [an American author, critic and editor of the magazine American Mercury] once wrote that “Christendom is that part of the world in which, if a man stand up and say he is a Christian, all his auditors will laugh.”

That was thirty years ago. Today, they aren’t even interested enough to laugh.

31 Standing before the judgment seat of Jehovah God, Christendom can be condemned for having brought the greatest reproach upon the name of his Son Jesus Christ. This fact in itself is enough to make true, dedicated Christians want to differentiate themselves from the nominal Christians. How? By the name of Christ’s Father. So they confess before Christendom and all the world that His name Jehovah is called upon them and that they, as Jesus Christ himself was, are Jehovah’s witnesses. Prior to embracing that Scriptural name in 1931 Jehovah’s modern witnesses were called all sorts of reproachful, contemptuous names by their religious enemies in Christendom, Protestant and Catholic. This was a strong factor in inducing them to take a Bible designation of which they did not need to be ashamed and by which they could be distinguished from sham Christians. So the name is now in dictionaries and encyclopedias!

[Study Questions]

 1, 2. (a) What questions arise as to whether fear of a name is justified? (b) When is fear of a name called upon a certain people justified, and to what does this fear lead?

 3, 4. (a) Up till nineteen centuries ago who was the people bearing the fear-inspiring name? (b) Into what covenant did Moses there bring this people, and what did he say would follow if they walked in God’s way?

 5. (a) Of what did Moses warn Israel, and what do the past nineteen centuries of history make plain concerning Israel? (b) When did they have their greatest opportunity as a nation, and why?

 6. At passover time what action did the religious leaders and the people take toward Jesus, and what befell the nation from and after A.D. 66?

 7. What experiences did Jesus’ disciples have at the time of his arrest and for the next forty-two days?

 8, 9. (a) For the next ten days what did the disciples do, and then what happened? (b) What did Peter say had been fulfilled?

10. (a) What explanation did Peter make concerning the outpouring of the spirit on Jesus’ disciples? (b) What did he exhort them to do?

11, 12. (a) What did Peter’s expression “this crooked generation” indicate as to salvation and as to nationhood? (b) In proof of the new nation what did Peter later write to believers?

13. What evidence in Scripture do we have that the outpouring of the spirit continued on and came upon non-Jews?

14, 15. (a) What did these believing, baptized non-Jews become, and as what were they recognized by the apostles and older men at Jerusalem? (b) In prophetic proof of the correctness of this, what did James say?

16. (a) By whose name did those believing non-Jews become called? (b) Hence what do they and the believing Jews constitute?

17. (a) How long has Joel 2:28, 29 undergone fulfillment? (b) If Jehovah has on earth today a “people for his name,” who are they?

18. How did Jesus indicate, in Revelation 14:1 whether the Christian congregation was to have God’s name called upon it?

19. According to Revelation 3:12, whose name were they to have written upon them?

20. What is said regarding them in Revelation 22:3-5, and thus how are they identified as forever God’s?

21. What fact, then, do we have to admit as to the true Christians, regarding how they are called?

22. (a) How was Jesus himself part of God’s “people for his name”? (b) In this regard how do so-called Christians show themselves to be counterfeits?

23. (a) Before embracing the name “Jehovah’s witnesses,” what did the remnant have to do? (b) What did they see that it was time for God to do, and so what confession did they make?

24. What particular scripture did God call to their attention?

25. When did they embrace the name, and what did they thus acknowledge to God?

26, 27. (a) Were the believers always called Christians, and how often does this designation appear in the Bible? (b) How did the designation once distinguish them, but what has happened to the name since?

28. How did Peter say Christians were not to suffer but what about the people of Christendom today?

29. What kind of record has Christendom made in history, and with what effect upon the name Christian?

30. What question arises as to nations calling themselves Christian, and what did a newspaper columnist say recently under “What’s in a Name”?

31. What factors joined in inducing the remnant to embrace the name, and even where is the name now found in print?


Keep on speaking to the people all the sayings about this life.— 5:20

"Go, stand and speak to the people in the temple the whole message of this Life."

An angel had released the apostles from prison. (Acts 5:17-27) 5:17 - [In Context| 5:26- 5:27 Was this to spare them further persecution? No. It was in order that the inhabitants of Jerusalem should hear the good news about Jesus Christ. So it was that when the temple guards caught up with the apostles, they found them obediently carrying out the angelic command stated in today’s text. Earlier, when ordered to stop preaching, the two apostles Peter and John answered: “Whether it is righteous in the sight of God to listen to you rather than to God, judge for yourselves. But as for us, we cannot stop speaking about the things we have seen and heard.” Like the ancient prophet Jeremiah, Peter and John could not hold back from carrying out their commission to preach.

(Acts 4:18-20; Jer. 20:9) 20:9

But if I say, "I will not remember Him Or speak anymore in His name," Then in my heart it becomes like a burning fire Shut up in my bones; And I am weary of holding it in, And I cannot endure it.

They boldly replied: “We must obey God as ruler rather than men.”—Acts 5:29.

Book of Acts

Chapter 5  -  Read Chapter - Click for Chapter Audio



Study Resource List

BCC -> Commentary on 5:29
DSN -> Synopsis on 5:29
GEB -> Study Notes on 5:29
GSB -> Study Notes on 5:29
JFB -> Commentary on 5:29
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 5:29
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 5:29
OCA -> Commentary on 5:29
PNT -> Commentary on 5:29
RWP -> Study Notes on 5:29
TSK -> Commentary on 5:29 TSK -> Entry for 5:29
WEN -> Notes on 5:29
NTB -> Conscience; Courage; Court; Defense; Duty; Government; Minister, Christian; Obedience; Persecution; Peter; Priest; Prisoners; Sadducees; Zeal, Religious
TTT -> Atonement, The; Boldness, Holy; Confessing Christ; Obedience to God
EBD -> Peter; Sanhedrim
TV -> Devotional using 5:29

5:29 - [In Context|

But Peter and the apostles answered, "We must obey God rather than men.

w 12/15/05 1-4

                                                        W2-15-62       Why the Name “Jehovah’s Witnesses”?

“WHAT’S in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet,” said Shakespeare. True, but still it would need a name to distinguish it from other flowers.

Names are important. Without them we could not properly identify specific persons, places or things. A name, according to Webster, is “a word . . . by which an individual or class of individuals (persons or things) is regularly known or designated. . . . A distinct and specific designation.” Among some very primitive peoples individuals are not given specific names but merely identified by some physical peculiarity as to height, size and suchlike. But what happens when two or more persons greatly resemble one another? To try to do without names does present difficulties.

God, in his Word, the Bible, repeatedly stresses the importance of names, especially that of his own name Jehovah. That he also considers the names of his servants important can be seen from the fact that at times he himself changed their names: Abram to Abraham, Sarai to Sarah, Jacob to Israel. And Jesus changed Simon’s name to Cephas, which is translated Peter. Nor may we overlook the fact that it was “by divine providence” that the disciples at Antioch were called “Christians.”—John 1:42; 1:42 Acts 11:26.

Acts 11:26 and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. And for an entire year they met with the church and taught considerable numbers; and the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.

So long as the Christian congregation numbered comparatively few thousands and the apostles were alive, the name “Christian” was sufficiently distinctive and specific. All who professed to be Christians but whose beliefs or conduct belied their claim were forthwith excommunicated from the Christian community. In those days the name “Christian” had an unequivocal, unambiguous meaning, for it was limited to the sincere, enlightened, dedicated, genuine followers of Jesus Christ.

But after the death of the apostles an enemy, Satan the Devil, sowed seeds of imitation Christians in the field, and so before long it became a field of apostates and counterfeits, yet bearing the name Christian, Christendom. (Matt. 13:24, 25) 13:24- 13:25 This,in turn, attracted still more non-Christians to its fold. Others became Christians in name only to escape persecution. Two striking examples of this were the old Saxons of Germany, forcibly converted by Charlemagne, and the Marranos of Spain, Jews who posed as Christians to avoid persecution by the state’s Roman Catholic Church. Thus for many centuries in Europe a man was considered a Christian regardless of what his beliefs or morals were, so long as he did not claim to be a Jew, Moslem or atheist.


This state of affairs posed a problem for the Reformers when they appeared on the scene. What should they and their followers call themselves, since the name Christian was used so loosely? How could they distinguish themselves from the rest? Unwisely they time and again followed the lines of least resistance by adopting the derisive nickname their enemies gave them. How this came about in the case of the Lutherans a historian relates:

“The term ‘Lutheran’ was already used in Luther’s time. Luther objected to this term, certainly not as a result of any special modesty, which he did not possess if his doctrine was at stake, but just because he thought that his theology was the only right and true Christian doctrine and that there was no way of being a real Christian except by being a ‘Lutheran.’ If he needed a term for describing his followers as distinct from Popish people (Papisten), he preferred the word ‘Evangelicals,’ followers of the Gospel. Later, however, he acquiesced in the use of his name, and he himself says: ‘We so-called Lutherans.’”—The Theology of Martin Luther, H. H. Kramm.

Other authorities give further details. The name was used in derision by Roman Catholics, the first ones to do so being the German theologian Johann Eck and Pope Hadrian VI. Among the reasons given for the followers of Luther accepting the name “Lutheran” was to distinguish themselves from the Protestants who followed the Swiss reformers Calvin and Zwingli and with whose theology they disagreed. However, in accepting this name they ignored the apostolic counsel: “When one says: ‘I belong to Paul,’ but another says: ‘I to Apollos,’ are you not simply men? What, then, is Apollos? Yes, what is Paul?”—1 Cor. 3:4, 5.

1 Cor.3:4

For when one says, "I am of Paul," and another, "I am of Apollos," are you not mere men ?

1 Cor.3:5

What then is Apollos ? And what is Paul ? Servants through whom you believed, even as the Lord gave opportunity to each one.

Those who joined the eighteenth-century John Wesley in his reform movement while at the university at Oxford, England, were taken in a similar snare. Having noted the lack of spirituality on the part of most students, they came together “to deepen their spiritual life by prayer and study of the Scriptures. They were called ‘Methodists’ first in a taunting spirit, because they were unusually precise and ‘methodic’ in the observation of their religious duties, and in the regulation of their lives.” Thus the followers of Wesley also let their foes give them their distinguishing name.—Cyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Sanford.

Another example is furnished by the Society of Friends, more commonly known as Quakers. “The epithet of Quakers was given in derision, because they often trembled under an awful sense of the infinite purity and majesty of God, and this name, rather submitted to than accepted by them, has become general as a designation.”—McClintock & Strong’s Cyclopædia, Vol. 3, p. 668.

And then there are the Baptists. At first they were derisively nicknamed Anabaptists, or rebaptized ones, because they required that all who had been sprinkled in infancy be immersed upon accepting Christ due to their own convictions. They themselves did not acknowledge this term but insisted that they were to be known only as “Christians,” “Apostolic Christians,” “Brethren,” and “Disciples of Christ.” But in the end they also accepted their nickname, given in derision, as their proper name and called themselves Baptists.


The facts show that the question of a name also faced those sincere Christian students of the Bible who began to gather together for the study of God’s Word from about 1870 onward. At one time they had been Baptists, Congregationalists, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians and Roman Catholics. But now by what name should they be known? Thus at one of their early assemblies a former Presbyterian deacon got up and told of having seen a goat in a shipping crate at a railroad station that could not be sent to its destination because the goat had eaten up its shipping tag. “Now folks,” he continued, “I’m like that goat. At one time I had a tag, but I ate it up,” as a result of reading The Divine Plan of the Ages, “and now I don’t know where I belong.”

True, they were Christians and the Scriptures use the name “Christian,” but with literally hundreds of millions claiming to be Christians, that name of itself could not serve to identify them specifically. Besides, there is a particular religious denomination that bears the name “The Christian Church,” as well as one known as “The Disciples of Christ.”

Others had derisively nicknamed them “Millennial Dawnists,” “Russellites,” “Rutherfordites,” and “Watch Tower People.” Wisely they refused to give official recognition to any such derisive nicknames. The truth about Christ’s millennial reign was but one of their teachings; they were not following any human leader but only their Master, Jesus Christ; the Watchtower magazine was merely one of the publications they used to disseminate the truth of God’s Word.

For the time being they kept referring to themselves as “Bible Students,” one of their international organizations being known as the International Bible Students Association. But was that name sufficiently distinctive, specific and adequate? No, it was not. Why not? Because, on the one hand, they were not by any means the only Bible students. There were all manner of Bible students who were still bound by the various creeds of Christendom: Bible students who were Fundamentalists, Modernists, and some who were Deists. Yes, all these made a study of the Bible. More than that, there were some who had created divisions, such as those referred to at Romans 16:17, and who had separated themselves and still referred to themselves as Bible students. So the term Bible Student was far from being specific, distinctive.

But, even more important, the term Bible Students was not at all adequate. For one thing, it had no Scriptural precedent. Then also, these Christians were not only Bible students but they were Bible students who accepted the Bible as the inspired Word of God; Bible students who had dedicated themselves to do God’s will and follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ; Bible students among whom every last one was also a preacher of God’s name and kingdom.


However, there was one name in the Scriptures that God had applied to his servants, which name no one else had taken, which name no one else wanted to take. It was a name that uniquely fitted them, namely, Jehovah’s witnesses, based on Isaiah 43:10, 12:


"You are My witnesses," declares the LORD, "And My servant whom I have chosen, So that you may know and believe

Me And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me.


"I, even I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides * Me.


"It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, And there was no strange god among you; So you are My witnesses,

" declares the LORD, "And I am God.

Open LORD for ID

 “‘You are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘even my servant whom I have chosen.’” “‘You are my witnesses,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘and I am God.’”

That the followers of Christ were to be primarily a people for Jehovah God’s name, the Scriptures unequivocally state. Thus the prophet Amos foretold that Jehovah God would restore all those “upon whom my name has been called.” The apostle Peter “related thoroughly how God for the first time turned his attention to the nations to take out of them a people for his name.” And in the book of Revelation the anointed Christians are repeatedly shown as having the name of their God written in their foreheads, prominently displayed for all to see.—Amos 9:11, 12; Acts 15:14; Rev. 3:12; 14:1; 22:4. Rev3-12-14.htm PLUS

Amos 9:11

"In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old;

Amos 9:12

That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name," Declares the LORD who does this.

Acts 15:14

"Simeon has related how God first concerned Himself about taking from among the Gentiles a people for His name.

Acts 15:17


15:17 –Open [In Context   Rev 14:1

Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four , * thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written on their foreheads.


Rev 22:4

they will see His face, and His name will be on their foreheads.

Leaders of Christendom assert that the true God, the Creator, the God of the Bible, does not need a distinctive name. In this they err. Thereby they shut their eyes to the fact that there are many false gods that men have set up as rivals of the one true God and that he therefore needs a specific designation to distinguish him from all the rest; even as the Scriptures clearly show: “On all the gods of Egypt I shall execute judgments. I am Jehovah.” “All the gods of the peoples are valueless gods; but as for Jehovah, he has made the very heavens.” “I am Jehovah. That is my name; and to no one else shall I give my own glory, neither my praise to graven images.” “For even though there are those who are called ‘gods,’ whether in heaven or on earth, just as there are many ‘gods’ and many ‘lords,’ there is actually to us one God the Father, out of whom all things are, and we for him.”—Ex. 12:12; 12:12 Ps. 96:5; 96:5 Isa. 42:8; 1 Cor. 8:5, 6.


"I am the LORD, that is My name; I will not give My glory to another, Nor My praise to graven images.

1 Cor-8:5

For even if there are so-called gods whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many gods and many lords,

1 Cor-8:6

yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him.


But why should it be necessary for anyone to witness to the one true God? someone might ask. For at least four distinct reasons. In the first place, because Jehovah God is invisible; no one can see him and live. (Ex. 33:20) 33:20  Visible creation does witness to Jehovah’s existence and power and wisdom, but it cannot tell humankind what the Creator’s name is and what his other attributes and purposes are. For making known these things Jehovah requires human, intelligent witnesses. 33:20

But He said, "You cannot * see My face, for no man can see Me and live !"


Secondly, because of the challenge of Satan the Devil to the sovereignty of Jehovah and the conditions Satan has brought about on the earth that reflect unfavorably upon Jehovah, it is necessary that He have witnesses to let all men know the truth about himself.

—Gen. 3:1-6; 3:1 –open [In Context|  Rev. 12:12. 12:12

Thirdly, in that Satan boasted that he could turn all men away from Jehovah God; to prove Satan a liar, God needs, perforce, to have faithful witnesses on the earth.—Job 1:6-12; 1:6 – open  [In Context| Prov. 27:11.

And fourthly, the time is rapidly approaching when Jehovah will once and for all time vindicate himself as the Universal Sovereign by destroying all his foes and delivering his people. Because of these facts witnesses are needed to sound an urgent warning; so that lovers of righteousness can flee to safety and so that the wicked will know why they are being destroyed when Armageddon comes upon them.— 16:16

And they gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.

 Rev. 16:14, 16. 16:14

for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.

Rev 16:16

And they gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.


From their early beginnings the modern witnesses of Jehovah have witnessed to Jehovah’s name. However, it was not until 1931 that they were specially moved by the fact that the words of Isaiah 43:10, 12 43:10 - 43:11-43:12-, specifically apply to them, and so in that year, at a convention, they officially went on record as accepting this as their designation.

In taking that name, Jehovah’s witnesses were not acting presumptuously. Had they not been witnessing to that name and were they not determined to continue to do so? Most assuredly! Others questioned whether the name would stick or not. Has it stuck? It has, for, thirty years later, the third edition of Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary states: “Jehovah’s witnesses: Members of a group that witness by distributing literature and by personal evangelism to beliefs in the theocratic rule of God, the sinfulness of organized religions and governments, and an imminent millennium.”

Jehovah’s witnesses are proud to bear their name and are concerned with measuring up to it at all times, not only by witnessing verbally, but also by conducting themselves so as to bring no reproach to Jehovah’s name. It is indeed a name that sets them apart from all others professing to be Christians.